The mechanism described by Joseph Babinski is most likely to result from a loss of inhibition of the spinal flexor reflex.
Joseph Babinski (1857-1932) contributed to the field of neurology not only by describing the plantar skin reflex that today bears his name, but also by investigating a wide range of pathology from cerebellar asynergy to adiadochokinesis, dysmetria, anosognosia or cerebellar catalapsy (Furukawa 2014).
And last but not least, this could be the contextual reason to evoke the memory of a great neurologist, Joseph Babinski, or to point to such modern research techniques as TMS.
The picture clearly illustrates the concept of a clinical school; several future eminent neurologists attended the presentation, including Joseph Babinski
(he is in the painting supporting the patient).
By 1901, Joseph Babinski
, one of Charcot's favorite disciples, had separated neurological organic diseases from hysteria.
During his youth, Joseph Babinski lived through both the Franco-Prussian War between July 1870 to January 1871, and the Paris Commune uprising, with its sad end in May 1871.
On 27 July 1898, in the Semaine Medicale, Joseph Babinski discussed the plantar reflex: both in the case of central nervous system anomalies and in the healthy newborn infant during his first year, following a moving sensory stimulus, applied to the lateral plantar surface of the foot, there would be a slow extension of the big toe.
As early as 1911 in France, P Lecene performed the first operation to relieve compression of the spinal cord for a patient of Joseph Babinski who had a meningioma.
When one friend asked Joseph Babinski in 1932 how he thought his achievement would be judged by posterity, he replied: 'The sign is not really my greatest achievement.
2) Although the toe response to plantar stimulation had been recognized earlier, (2) the difference between normal and pathologic responses and their clinical implications were first described by Joseph Babinski
in two papers published in 1896 and 1898, respectively.
1) However, we disagree with Jay on the correlation between this communication and the so-called Babinski sign; Joseph Babinski
never called the upgoing toe as such.