Joseph Babinski

Babinski, Joseph

 

Born Nov. 2, 1857, in Paris; died there Oct. 29, 1932. French neuropathologist. Member of the Academy of Sciences in Paris (1914).

Babinski graduated from medical school in Paris and after defending his doctoral dissertation (1886) became head of the clinic in the Salpétriére. He was one of the founders of the Society of Neuropathologists and Psychiatrists in Paris (1899), an honorary member of it, and its chairman from 1907. Babinski described the reflex that bears his name (1896), an important factor in the diagnosis of organic lesions of the nervous system (corticospinal tract). He identified the complex of symptoms characterizing cerebellar lesions and other organic nervous diseases. Babinski was one of the first in France to operate on a tumor of the central nervous system (1911).

WORKS

Étude anatomique et clinique sur la sclérose en plaques. Paris, 1885.
“Sur le réflexe cutané plantaire dans certaines affections organiques du système nerveux central.” Compte rendu de la Société de Biologie, 1896, issue 10, vol. 3. Page 207.

REFERENCE

“Joseph Jules Babinski.” In R. H. Major, History of Medicine, vol. 2. Springfield, 1954. Page 965.
References in periodicals archive ?
The mechanism described by Joseph Babinski is most likely to result from a loss of inhibition of the spinal flexor reflex.
Joseph Babinski (1857-1932) contributed to the field of neurology not only by describing the plantar skin reflex that today bears his name, but also by investigating a wide range of pathology from cerebellar asynergy to adiadochokinesis, dysmetria, anosognosia or cerebellar catalapsy (Furukawa 2014).
And last but not least, this could be the contextual reason to evoke the memory of a great neurologist, Joseph Babinski, or to point to such modern research techniques as TMS.
The picture clearly illustrates the concept of a clinical school; several future eminent neurologists attended the presentation, including Joseph Babinski (he is in the painting supporting the patient).
By 1901, Joseph Babinski, one of Charcot's favorite disciples, had separated neurological organic diseases from hysteria.
During his youth, Joseph Babinski lived through both the Franco-Prussian War between July 1870 to January 1871, and the Paris Commune uprising, with its sad end in May 1871.
On 27 July 1898, in the Semaine Medicale, Joseph Babinski discussed the plantar reflex: both in the case of central nervous system anomalies and in the healthy newborn infant during his first year, following a moving sensory stimulus, applied to the lateral plantar surface of the foot, there would be a slow extension of the big toe.
As early as 1911 in France, P Lecene performed the first operation to relieve compression of the spinal cord for a patient of Joseph Babinski who had a meningioma.
When one friend asked Joseph Babinski in 1932 how he thought his achievement would be judged by posterity, he replied: 'The sign is not really my greatest achievement.
1) However, we disagree with Jay on the correlation between this communication and the so-called Babinski sign; Joseph Babinski never called the upgoing toe as such.