Joseph Brodsky


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Related to Joseph Brodsky: Anna Akhmatova, Wole Soyinka

Brodsky, Joseph

(Iosif Aleksandrovich Brodsky) (brät`skē, bräd`–, Rus. yôs`yĭf əlyĭksän`drəvyĭch brôt`skē), 1940–96, Russian-American poet, b. Leningrad (St. Petersburg). A disciple of Anna AkhmatovaAkhmatova, Anna
, pseud. of Anna Andreyevna Gorenko
, 1888–1966, Russian poet of the Acmeist school. Her brief lyrics, simply and musically written in the tradition of Pushkin, attained great popularity. Her themes were personal, emotional, and often ironic.
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, he began writing poetry in 1955. He was first denounced by the Soviet government (for "decadence and modernism," among other charges) in 1963 and was exiled from the Soviet Union in 1972. Brodsky emigrated to the United States, where he became a citizen, taught at several colleges, and continued to build a reputation as a distinguished literary figure. He became a master of the English language and wrote in it as well as Russian.

His poetry, which often treats themes of loss and exile, is highly regarded for its formal technique, depth, intensity, irony, and wit. Among his best known works are A Part of Speech (tr. 1980), a volume of poetry; Less than One (tr. 1986) and the posthumously published On Grief and Reason (1996), essays; and the English-language poems of To Urania (1988) and So Forth (1996). Later works include a play, Marbles (1989), and a book of prose, Watermark (1992). His Collected Poems in English was published in 2000.

The recipient of a MacArthur Award (1981), a National Book Award (1986), and many other honors, he won the 1987 Nobel Prize in Literature and was poet laureate of the United States (1991–92). A believer in the redemptive power of literature, he worked to make poetry accessible to a wider public.

Bibliography

See S. Volkov, Conversations with Joseph Brodsky: A Poet's Journey through the Twentieth Century (1998) and C. L. Haven, ed., Joseph Brodsky: Conversations (2003); L. Shtern, Brodsky: A Personal Memoir (2004); L. Loseff, Joseph Brodsky: A Literary Life (2006, tr. 2011); studies by V. Polukhina (1989, 1992), L. Loseff and V. Polukhina, ed. (1990), D. M. Bethea (1994), D. W. MacFadyen (1998, 2000), and Maija Könöen (2003).

Brodsky, (Iosif Alexandrovich) Joseph

(1940–  ) poet, writer; born in St. Petersburg (then Leningrad), Russia. He studied in Russian secondary schools until 1956, wrote poetry, and was sentenced to a Soviet labor camp for his general refusal to conform. He was expelled from Russia (1972), and emigrated to America. He taught at many institutions, notably as poet-in-residence at the University of Michigan (1972). He was named Poet Laureate by the Library of Congress (1991), and is known for his translations, critical works, and his realistic and lyrical poetry, as in To Urania (1988).
References in periodicals archive ?
IN AN ELOQUENT TRIBUTE TO JOSEPH Brodsky, published almost exactly a month after his premature and widely lamented death, Tatyana Tolstaya, in The New York Review of Books, quotes some lines from the poet's early work:
1) The inspiration he drew from such exiled poets as Osip Mandelstam, Joseph Brodsky, Czeslaw Milosz, and Zbigniew Herbert helped him to find and define his position as creative artist in relation to history and politics.
He offers four interconnected chapters, the first of which compares Heaney's work with that of Osip Mandelstan, the second with Joseph Brodsky, the third with Czeslaw Mlosz, and the fourth with Zbigniew Herbert.
Sissman of cancer, David Kalstone and James Merrill of AIDS, and Joseph Brodsky of heart disease.
He makes sustained, heavy criticism of the ideology of the writer as a private creator, typified in Russia by Joseph Brodsky.
The country lost countless figures of historic importance including the novelist Vladimir Nabokov, the poet Joseph Brodsky and the dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov who all forged major careers in the United States.
Like Khrzhanovsky's animadoc on Joseph Brodsky (1940-1993), [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.
Joseph Brodsky, Less Than One (NY: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1986), pp.
For example, Seamus Heaney, a contemporary and friend of Joseph Brodsky, has used the image of milk to inflect his poems with a feminine gender.
Germaine Greer, George Steiner, John Berger and Joseph Brodsky also weighed in with negative attitudes but they were a minority.
The others are Joseph Brodsky, Gwendolyn Brooks, William Carlos Williams, Robert Hayden, Sylvia Plath, Wallace Stevens, Denise Levertov, E.
The other poets honored on the collection of stamps are Elizabeth Bishop, Joseph Brodsky, Gwendolyn Brooks, E.