Butler, Joseph

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Butler, Joseph,

1692–1752, English bishop and exponent of natural theology. Butler held a series of church offices, ending his career as bishop of Durham. His principle writings are Fifteen Sermons (1726), in which he set forth his moral philosophy, and The Analogy of Religion, Natural and Revealed, to the Constitution and Course of Nature (1736), aimed at combating the influence of deismdeists
, term commonly applied to those thinkers in the 17th and 18th cent. who held that the course of nature sufficiently demonstrates the existence of God. For them formal religion was superfluous, and they scorned as spurious claims of supernatural revelation.
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 in England. Both works became standard references in the education of Anglican and other clergy until the late 19th cent. In ethics, Butler was part of the 17th and 18th cent. attempt to find a foundation for morals without appeal to the divine will; he insisted on the complexity of human nature against one-sided accounts by Thomas HobbesHobbes, Thomas
, 1588–1679, English philosopher, grad. Magdalen College, Oxford, 1608. For many years a tutor in the Cavendish family, Hobbes took great interest in mathematics, physics, and the contemporary rationalism.
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 and Anthony Ashley Cooper (see Shaftesbury, Anthony Ashley Cooper, 3d earl ofShaftesbury, Anthony Ashley Cooper, 3d earl of,
1671–1713, English philosopher. The philosopher John Locke, adviser to the 1st earl, his grandfather, was in charge of Shaftesbury's education, which was largely
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). In his natural theology he attempted to show that revealed religion was no less probable than the limited affirmations made of God by the deistsdeists
, term commonly applied to those thinkers in the 17th and 18th cent. who held that the course of nature sufficiently demonstrates the existence of God. For them formal religion was superfluous, and they scorned as spurious claims of supernatural revelation.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Bibliography

See studies by E. C. Mossner (1936, repr. 1971), A. E. Duncan-Jones (1952), and P. A. Carlson (1964).

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Our Technical Director, Terminals for Asia Pacific & Middle East, Joseph Butler, was recently interviewed on Cheddar and expounds on that interview by addressing some of the key components of the future of modern airport design and passenger travel.
Another sporting gentleman who is buried in Cathays Cemetery, and not that far from Lord Glanely, is Joseph Butler Jones who was known on the racecourse as Joe The Crwys.
The second part examines the "conception of virtuous behavior" in four prominent eighteenth-century writers: Joseph Butler (1692-1752), William Paley (1743-1805), John Wesley (1703-1791), and Samuel Johnson (1709-1784).
The Academy meets on Tuesdays (6.00-7.30) and Saturdays (10.0-11.30) at Ashington Leisure Centre and on Thursdays (juniors 6.00-7.00, seniors 7.00-8.30) at Ashington Joseph Butler Academy.
Gregory, 50, had been due to be sentenced at Swindon Crown Court alongside David Royles, 53, and Joseph Butler, 25, for a large-scale burglary conspiracy.
The guild was named after Mother Marie Joseph Butler, an Irish nun of the Congregation of the Sacred Heart of Jesus.
Outside the pub, Bamforth was caught on CCTV striking at the landlord, who hit back in self-defence causing her to go to the ground where the assistant manager Joseph Butler "stepped forward and aimed a kick at her."
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GEEZER C Born Terence Michael Joseph Butler, Geezer got his nickname for his preference of calling his classmates "Geezer" at school, a British slang for "guy" or "dude".
Paul Oslighton, 'Anglican Social Thought and the Formation of Political Economy in Britain: Joseph Butler, Josiah Tucker and William Paley'.
Sheridan calls attention to the obvious problem with tying identity to memory, which nicely transitions into two discussions of, first, the real aim of Locke's theory of identity, which is not to define 'self but to make sense of moral responsibility, and second, of the attendant objections to this view from William Molyneux, Thomas Reid, Joseph Butler, and David Hume (73-80).
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