Joseph Harold Greenberg

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Greenberg, Joseph Harold


Born May 28, 1915. in Brooklyn. American anthropologist, ethnologist, and linguist.

Greenberg is a specialist in African studies, linguistic typology, and general linguistics. From 1957 to 1962 he was a professor at Columbia University, and he has been a professor at Stanford University since 1962. During 1938–39 he worked in Nigeria. He made quantitative studies of various aspects of language structure: The Measurement of Linguistic Diversity (1956) and A Quantitative Approach to the Morphological Typology of Languages (I960; in Russian translation in the book Novoe v lingvistike, fasc. 3, 1963). Greenberg is the author of The Languages of Africa (1963) and works on separate African languages and groups of languages.


“Nekotorye obobshcheniia. kasaiushchiesia vozmozhnykh nachal’-nykh i konechnykh posledovatel’nostei soglasnykh.” Voprosy iazykoznaniia, 1964, no. 4.
Essays in Linguistics. New ed. Chicago-London. 1963.
Universals of Language. Cambridge (Mass.). 1963.
Language Universals. The Hague-Paris. 1966.


Volotskaia. Z. M. Review of The Measurement of Linguistic Diversity. In Strukturno-tipologicheskoe issledovanie. Moscow, 1962.