Joseph I


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Joseph I,

1678–1711, Holy Roman emperor (1705–11), king of Hungary (1687–1711) and of Bohemia (1705–11), son and successor of Leopold I. Joseph became Holy Roman emperor in the midst of the War of the Spanish SuccessionSpanish Succession, War of the,
1701–14, last of the general European wars caused by the efforts of King Louis XIV to extend French power. The conflict in America corresponding to the period of the War of the Spanish Succession was known as Queen Anne's War (see French and
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 and died before it ended. He vigorously supported the claim of his brother (who succeeded him as Charles VICharles VI,
1685–1740, Holy Roman emperor (1711–40), king of Bohemia (1711–40) and, as Charles III, king of Hungary (1712–40); brother and successor of Holy Roman Emperor Joseph I. Charles was the last Holy Roman emperor of the direct Hapsburg line.
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) to the Spanish throne. During his reign Hungary was in revolt under Francis II RákóczyRákóczy
, noble Hungarian family that played an important role in the history of Transylvania and Hungary in the 17th and 18th cent. Sigismund Rákóczy, 1544–1608, was elected (1607) prince of Transylvania to succeed Stephen Bocskay.
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, but by 1711 the rebellion had been quelled. Joseph made some attempts at internal reform. A musician and an admirer of art, he encouraged cultural life in Vienna.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The book examines the production of cantatas by composers in the service of the Hapsburg emperors Leopold I (1658-1705) and his son Joseph I (1705-1711).
The second part of the book is devoted to the final years of Leopold I and the reign of Joseph I, characterized by the War of the Spanish Succession, which dominated political affairs at the time, as is made clear in the chapter dedicated to the political and cultural milieu.
The book is of great use in providing a panorama of vocal chamber music during the age of Leopold I and Joseph I, identifying the characteristics of their patronage, and giving an important overview of musical entertainments at the imperial court, with detailed analysis of several aspects of the cantatas in question, especially those composed between 1700 and 1711.
The institution's founder, Joseph I. Irwin, was born in 1824 on a farm outside of Columbus in rural Bartholomew County.
At the age of 22, Joseph I., as he was known to friends and family, decided to leave the farm and seek his fortune in town.
Joseph I. was able to pay back his loan and used his real estate profits to open his own mercantile store on Washington Street in Columbus.
Joseph I. established Irwin's Bank as a legal entity in 1871 after a local bank failed, a common occurrence in the then-frequent bank panics of the early 1870s.
When Joseph I. died in 1910 at the age of 86, his son succeeded him as president.