Joseph Mallord William Turner

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Turner, Joseph Mallord William


Born Apr. 23, 1775, in London; died there Dec. 19, 1851. English painter.

Turner studied at the Royal Academy in London from 1789 to 1793. He became a member of the academy in 1802 and a professor in 1808. Beginning in the late 1790’s he adopted and elaborated the motifs of 17th-century Dutch marine paintings and those of Claude Lorrain’s and R. Wilson’s landscapes. As he turned to biblical, mythological, and historical themes, he evinced a growing tendency toward romantic fantasy, for example, in his portrayals of the dramatic struggle between the forces of nature, and for unusual effects of lighting. Beginning in the 1820’s, Turner, still preoccupied mainly with marine painting, developed a freer and more dynamic style. His works were marked by vivid contrasts of shimmering tones that merge in a harmonious light spectrum and by objects with contours that simultaneously blend and divide.

Among Turner’s major works are Ulysses Deriding Polyphemus (1828–29), The Fighting “Téméraire” Towed to Her Last Berth (1838), and Rain, Steam, and Speed (1844), all at the National Gallery in London. Shipwreck (1805, Tate Gallery, London) is one of his best-known paintings. Turner also created many watercolors, drawings, and engravings.


Nekrasova, E. A. Temer. Moscow, 1976.
Finberg, A. J. The Life of J. M. W. Turner, 2nd ed. Oxford, 1961.
J. M. W. Turner. London, 1974..
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Wreckers--Coast of Northumberland, with a Steam Boat Assisting a Ship Off Shore,1833-34, Joseph Mallord William Turner, Oil on canvas, 35-5/8 x 47-9/16 inches
Joseph Mallord William Turner's painting Dolbadarn Castle was brought to Trelai Primary School as part of an initiative to take masterpieces to new audiences.
The life of Joseph Mallord William Turner is one of those rags-to-riches stories that had once only seemed possible in a pantomime.
Joseph Mallord William Turner is regarded by many as the greatest British artist of the 19th century and one of Western painting's monumental figures.
Shields, on the River Tyne From 'Rivers of England', 1823, Joseph Mallord William Turner (1775-1851), Accepted by the nation as part of the Turner Bequest 1856.
Younger visitors will also be able to have a go at creating their own masterpiece in Diana's style, which is inspired by the style of the classical landscape painter Joseph Mallord William Turner.
Fighting Temeraire by Joseph Mallord William Turner, (22cm x 27cm), pounds 5.95, Easyart (0845 166 2732, www.easyart.
The painting, by Joseph Mallord William Turner, was bought by an anonymous bidder at Christies in London yesterday.
But unlike many of his fellow artists, he was also a very shrewd businessman who insisted on payment for his paintings - the aristocracy fell over themselves in an effort to get Joseph Mallord William Turner to produce detailed pictures and drawings of their houses.
1775: English landscape painter Joseph Mallord William Turner was born in London.
MR TURNER (12) LANDSCAPE painter Joseph Mallord William Turner (Timothy Spall) shares his London home with his father William (Paul Jesson) and housekeeper Hannah Danby (Dorothy Atkinson).
Gwendoline sydd wedi rhoi llun The Beacon Light Joseph Mallord William Turner i ni fel cenedl.