Joseph Marie Jacquard

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Joseph Marie Jacquard
Merchant, weaver, inventor
EducationWorked as apprentice and learned bookbinding
Known for Programmable loom
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Jacquard, Joseph Marie


Born July 7, 1752, in Lyon; died Aug. 7, 1834, in Oullins, department of the Rhone. French weaver and inventor.

In about 1800, Jacquard perfected a hand weaving loom by developing a device for producing fabrics with large designs. His invention attracted attention at an industrial exposition in Paris in 1801, and he was invited to Paris to work at the Museum (Conservatory) of Arts and Crafts. In 1808, Jacquard designed a new model of a machine for weaving in designs, the jacquard loom, which became widely used in weaving.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.