Joseph Nicéphore Niepce

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Niepce, Joseph Nicéphore


Born Mar. 7, 1765, in Châlon-sur-Saône; died there July 3, 1833. French inventor in photography.

Niepce was the first to invent a method of fixing the image obtained in a camera obscura. In this method, developed during the 1820’s, he used a silver-coated copper plate covered with a layer of light-sensitive bitumen. In 1829 he concluded an agreement with L. J. M. Daguerre to collaborate on improving his invention.


Raskin, N. M. Zh. N. N’eps, L.-Zh.-M. Dager, V.-G.-F. Talbot. Leningrad, 1967.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Celebrated since 2010, the date marks August 19, 1839, when the French government bought the patent for the daguerreotype - a photographic process developed by Joseph Nicephore Niepce and Louis Daguerre in 1837 - and announced the invention as a gift "free to the world".
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