(redirected from Joseph Sinan)


(sēnän), Muslim architect, 1490?–1588?. He is regarded as the greatest of Islamic builders, and his finest achievements lie in his solutions to spatial problems posed by dome-topped structures. Sinan, who was named Ottoman court architect in 1530, was active during the reigns of Selim ISelim I
(Selim the Grim) , 1467–1520, Ottoman sultan (1512–20). He ascended the throne of the Ottoman Empire by forcing the abdication of his father, Beyazid II, and by killing his brothers.
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, Sulayman ISulayman I
or Sulayman the Magnificent,
1494–1566, Ottoman sultan (1520–66), son and successor of Selim I. He is known as Sulayman II when considered as a successor of King Solomon of the Bible and Qur'an.
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, and Selim IISelim II
(Selim the Drunkard), c.1524–1574, Ottoman sultan (1566–74), son and successor of Sulayman I. During his reign the Ottoman Empire (Turkey) was dominated by Sokolli, his grand vizier (chief executive officer).
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; his career spanned five decades. His masterpieces are the mosques of Şehzâde (1548) and Sulayman I (1558), both İstanbul, and the great mosque of Selim II (1574) at Edirne, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. His autobiography lists more than 300 buildings of his design in Eastern Europe and the Middle East; many of them are still in use.


See E. Akin and G. Necipoglu, Sinan's Autobiographies (2006); biography by A. Stratton (1972); G. Necipoglu, The Age of Sinan (2010); studies by J. M. Rogers (2007), A. Pierpont (2007), and A. R. Burelli and P. Genarro (2009).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also Koca Sinan). Born 1489 or 1490 in Kayseri; died 1588 in Constantinople. Turkish architect and engineer.

Beginning in 1538, Sinan directed all architectural construction under Sultan Suleiman I, erecting mosques, fortifications, bridges, and other structures. His best works are variations of the Byzantine-style domed basilica with absolutely circular floor plans. These majestic structures are noted for the perfect scale and spatial composition of their impressive interiors. Sinan built the Shehazade Mosque (1548) and the Mosque of Suleiman I (1550-57) in Constantinople and the Mosque of Selim II (1569–75) in Adrianople (present-day Edirne).


Koca Sinan. [Ankara] 1968. [23–1212–]
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.