Joseph Thomson

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Thomson, Joseph


Born Feb. 14, 1858, in Penpont, Dumfriesshire; died Aug. 2,1895, in London. British geologist and explorer of Africa.

In 1879 and 1880, Thomson made his way from Zanzibar to the northern end of Lake Nyasa and explored the territory, previously unknown to Europeans, between Lakes Nyasa and Tanganyika; he also followed the Lukuga River for some distance from its source in Lake Tanganyika and discovered Lake Rukwa. In 1881, Thomson explored the Ruvuma River. While traversing the territory between Mombasa and Lake Victoria in 1882, he explored the interior of what is now Kenya, where he discovered Lake Baringo and the volcanic massif Mount Elgon.


Gornung, M. B., Iu. G. Lipets, and I. N. Oleinikov. Istoriia otkrytiiai i ssledovaniia Afriki. Moscow, 1973.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Joseph Thomson Group was recently delighted to send a donation of PS209 to Prostate Scotland.
A notable item is the first Kenyan flag flown by Joseph Thomson in 1883.
1897 British physicist Joseph Thomson announces the discovery of electrons.
Cumbrian farmer Joseph Thomson took his wife, Mary Anne, into Carlisle and, according to reports, he 'placed his wife on a large oak chair with a halter of straw round her neck'.
Joseph Thomson, from Dumfriesshire, took over leading an African expedition when he was in his 20s.
Cefn Hopper from Burradon released a 10-pounder, Paul Kirkhouse from Sunderland returned 15, Joseph Thomson from Durham put back 12 and Gareth Wates from Sunderland returned 10 rainbows.
CORDON: Police at Georgesons car sales on Breck Road last November, inset, Norris Green dad Joseph Thomson who was shot dead by a firearm in August last year
Joseph Thomson, a geologist, naturalist and fellow Scot, arrived wearing pyjamas as a substitute for cricket whites while in the train carriage an animated discussion took place among several players as to which was the most suitable side of the bat to use while striking the ball.
Joseph Thomson, 21, of Uddingston, said: "I am sickened with the scoreline.