Josiah Royce

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Royce, Josiah


Born Nov. 20, 1855, in Grass Valley, Calif.; died Sept. 14, 1916, in Cambridge, Mass. American idealist philosopher.

In 1892, Royce became a professor of history and philosophy at Harvard University. He was strongly influenced by German classical idealism, chiefly the philosophy of I. Kant and G. Hegel, and by the English neo-Hegelian philosopher T. Green. Royce developed the concept of absolute voluntarism, according to which individual selves constitute in their totality a universal community that fulfills the will of the Absolute Self, drawing us into the “other” world of divine harmony. By joining in political, economic, and religious communities, individuals form a perfect order. Royce regarded American bourgeois society as the embodiment of the will of the Absolute and loyalty to the existing order as the supreme virtue.

Royce also wrote works on mathematical logic and the foundation of mathematics. His philosophy exerted an influence on American neopragmatism and personalism.


The Religious Aspect of Philosophy. Boston-New York, 1885.
The World and the Individual. New York-London, 1901.
The Hope of the Great Community. New York, 1916.
Lectures on Modern Idealism. New Haven, Conn., 1919.
Logical Essays. Dubuque, Iowa, 1951.


Iakovenko, B. “Filosofskaia sistema Zh. Roisa.” In the collection Novye idei v filosofii, collection 17. St. Petersburg, 1914.
Bogomolov, A. S. Burzhuaznaia filosofiia SShA XX veka. Moscow, 1974. Pages 24–35.
Buranelli, V. Josiah Royce. New York, 1964.
Fuss, P. The Moral Philosophy of Josiah Royce. Cambridge, Mass., 1965.


References in periodicals archive ?
1) When a noted group of Catholic scholars critiqued Habits, one of them suggested the salience of Josiah Royce to the discussion about individualism and community.
The bulk of the work consists of chapters summarizing the religious thought of Benjamin Franklin, militant Deism, Unitarianism, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Theodore Parker, Orestes Brownson, Francis Ellingwood Abbott, Charles Sanders Peirce, and Josiah Royce.
00--This meticulous and thorough book will stimulate new insights into the thought and life of Josiah Royce as well as into the ideas and experiences of three other giants in American philosophy, Charles Sanders Peirce, William James, and John Dewey.
In the second essay, "The World Beyond Our Mountains: Nature in the Philosophy of Josiah Royce," John Clendenning contends that Royce's desire to comprehend a reality which is transcendent of materialism results in his understanding of each person as being a part of the community of the cosmos wherein one's knowledge of nature is dependent upon social consciousness.
The temptation which Josiah Royce feared, namely, that a resurgent Thomism might give way to the Kantian legions and their demand that the epistemological issue be settled first, was indeed experienced by Pierre Rousselot, S.
The second is the Josiah Royce Lectures entitled "Mind and Body.
Josiah Royce, in my judgment, was right when he suggested that Christianity is a religion in search of a metaphysics and that only a metaphysics of community does justice to a Christian faith experience.
The Personal Temperaments of William James and Josiah Royce, FRANK M.
Santayana belongs to what is often called the "golden age of American philosophy," a period that included not only Santayana but William James, Josiah Royce, Alfred North Whitehead, Charles Saunders Peirce, and John Dewey.
His work is inspired by the writings of John Dewey, William James, Josiah Royce, and especially George Santayana.
This term was first coined by Josiah Royce, a 20th century American philosopher and founder of the Fellowship of Reconciliation, but Dr.
The first period (1880-1910) is highlighted by native Californian Josiah Royce, who sought out superior European wisdom, both cultural and speculative, in German university centers, reflecting the rise to prominence of modern German culture and power in the heart of Europe during the nineteenth century.