Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Jovian: Jovian planets
Jovian(Flavius Claudius Jovianus) (jō`vēən), c.331–364, Roman emperor (363–64). The commander of the imperial guard under Julian the ApostateJulian the Apostate
(Flavius Claudius Julianus), 331?–363, Roman emperor (361–63), nephew of Constantine I; successor of Constantius II. He was given an education that combined Christian and Neoplatonic ideas. He and his half-brother Gallus were sent (c.
..... Click the link for more information. in his Persian campaign, Jovian was proclaimed emperor by the soldiers when Julian was killed. He made a humiliating peace with Shapur IIShapur II
or Sapor II,
310–79, king of Persia (310–79), of the Sassanid, or Sassanian, dynasty. He was the posthumous son of Hormuz II and therefore was born king. His long reign was marked by great military success.
..... Click the link for more information. of Persia. He returned Christianity to the privileged position it had enjoyed before Julian, and he restored his friend St. Athanasius to the episcopal see of Constantinople. After a reign of only eight months Jovian died and was succeeded by the joint emperors Valentinian I and Valens.
full name Flavius Claudius Jovianus. ?331--364 ad, Roman emperor (363--64): he made peace with Persia, relinquishing Roman provinces beyond the Tigris, and restored privileges to the Christians