Josef Tiso

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tiso, Josef


Born Oct. 13, 1887, in Vel’ká Bytča, Hungary (now Bytča, Czechoslovakia); died Apr. 18, 1947, in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia. Slovak nationalist political and clerical figure.

Tiso was a Catholic priest and a professor of theology. A Slovak fascist ideologue, he became the leader of the Slovak Populist Party in August 1938. In 1938 and 1939 he was head of the autonomous government of Slovakia, formed by Slovak separatists after the signing of the Munich Pact of 1938. From 1939 to 1945 he served as president of the “independent state” of Slovakia, which had been placed under the “protection” of Germany. As such, he helped steer Slovakia into the war against the USSR on the side of fascist Germany; he also was responsible for reprisals against those who fought in the national liberation movement in Slovakia. In 1947, Tiso was executed in accordance with a sentence imposed by the People’s Court of Czechoslovakia.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nearly half the teenagers surveyed got the name of the Slovak state president, Jozef Tiso, right.
The television channel advertised Jozef Tiso (1887-1947), president of the wartime Slovak State, as one of the contenders for the title of the "Greatest Slovak."
Kotleba himself, who frequently appears in quasi-military clothing, is a former computer science teacher who has organised marches commemorating the wartime state president Jozef Tiso, who was complicit in the murder of Jews.
Priest, politician, collaborator; Jozef Tiso and the making of fascist Slovakia.
(32.) Under the leadership of Jozef Tiso, a priest, and the Slovak Peoples Party, Slovakia formed a separate state with close ties to Nazi Germany.
Sokol had also been criticized over his alleged collaboration with the Czechoslovak communist secret police during the Soviet era, and for praising Jozef Tiso (1887-1947), president of the wartime Slovakia, a client state of Nazi Germany, who was convicted of war crimes and hanged after the war.
In fact, the war-time Slovakian state was led Father Jozef Tiso, his fascist Slovak People's Party, and his paramilitary Hlinka Guards.
The war situation in the summer of 1944 exacerbated these tensions and presented an opportunity for the Slovak opposition to stage an uprising against their puppet government, under Monsignor Jozef Tiso and thereby, the power of Nazi Germany.
During the reporting period, extreme-right nationalist and neo-Nazi groups, including Slovenska Pospolitost (Slovak Community) and Narodny Odpor (National Resistance), held numerous public rallies in support of the World War II-era Fascist Slovak state and its leader Jozef Tiso, responsible for sending thousands of Slovak Jews to their death in Nazi concentration camps.
Jozef Tiso, sacerdote catolico, con atribuciones de ministro-presidente.
``But the public is much more interested in the lives of the rich and famous,and so I find it easier to sell a book proposal on a gorgeous movie star like Halle as opposed to the current book I'm researching about Monsignor Jozef Tiso -the Roman Catholic priest who was a Slovakian dictator during World War II.