Juan Bosch


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Bosch, Juan

 

Born June 30, 1909, in La Vega. Dominican political and state figure; writer.

Bosch participated in the opposition movement against the Trujillo dictatorship. He was forced to emigrate in 1937. In 1939 he was one of the founders of the Dominican Revolutionary Party (PRD). He returned to the country in 1961 and was the PRD’s candidate for the presidency in 1962. Between February and September 1963 he was president of the Dominican Republic. His government carried out a number of measures infringing on the interests of US monopolies. In April 1963 the government adopted the first bourgeois-democratic constitution. Bosch’s activity evoked dissatisfaction among the imperialists of the USA and the forces of domestic reaction. He was removed as a result of a military coup (September 1963) and was in exile until 1965. In September 1965, during the upsurge of the patriotic movement in the country which took place under the banner of the restoration of the constitution of 1963, he returned to his homeland. In 1966 he was a candidate for the presidency, but under the conditions of the American occupation (from April 1965) of the Dominican Republic, he was defeated and emigrated once more. In 1970 he returned to the country.

Bosch is the author of a number of literary and journalistic works. Some have been translated into English, French, German, and Italian. His works in Russian translation are “The Rebel” and “The Holiday of Encarnación Mendoza” (Inostrannaia literatura, 1965, no. 11).

WORKS

The Unfinished Experiment: Democracy in the Dominican Republic. New York, 1965.
El Pentagonismo Sustituto del imperialismo. Madrid, 1968.
Cuentos escritos en el exilio. Santo Domingo, 1962.

V. D. NIKOLAENKO

References in periodicals archive ?
The four airports in the new Aerodom network partnership include; Las Americas International Airport (SDQ), Santo Domingo; Gregorio Luperon International Airport (POP), Puerto Plata; Presidente Juan Bosch International Airport (AZS), Samana; and Presidente Joaquin Balaguer (JBQ), located at La Isabela, North Santo Domingo.
The four airports in the new Aerodom network partnership include; Las Americas International Airport (SDQ), Santo Domingo; Gregorio Lupern International Airport (POP), Puerto Plata; Presidente Juan Bosch International Airport (AZS), Saman; and Presidente Joaquin Balaguer (JBQ), located at La Isabela, North Santo Domingo.
Paz recupero el aliento y leyo el poema sin pronunciar el nombre de Juan Bosch, 'el camarada muerto en el ardiente amanecer del mundo'.
En 1963 un golpe militar apoyado por la misma potencia derroca a Juan Bosch en Dominicana, y en 1965 Lyndon Johnson envia tropas a Santo Domingo para "restaurar el orden": masacres, asesinatos de inocentes a media calle, bazucazos en casas de civiles, violaciones .
Para Juan Bosch, la Segunda Guerra Mundial es un parteaguas y un punto de partida.
Drawing on archival research and using a conflated theoretical framework, the author offers a portrait of Williams that shows how his experiences in Trinidad, England, and America radicalized him and how his relationships with other Caribbean intellectuals--along with Aime Cesaire in Martinique, Juan Bosch in the Dominican Republic, George Lamming of Barbados, and Frantz Fanon from Martinique--enabled him to seize opportunities for social change and make a significant contribution to Caribbean epistemology.
Lorgia Garcia's "Mas que cenizas" provides a historical overview of Juan Bosch as an emblematic voice of dissidence that articulated a transnational Dominicanidad outside geographic borders through alliances between Dominicans living on the island and those living abroad, alliances that helped create a narrative of social justice that he later linked to the democratic rhetoric of his political party, founded in exile in 1942.
The three chapters of the opening section titled "Migratory Identities" examine the experience of exile in the works of Jose Marti, Juan Bosch, and Julia de Burgos--auspicious choices because these authors not only are influential political figures of the Hispanic Caribbean, they are also considered forerunners of Caribbean Latino writings.
At the time, I believe this phenomenon affected our initial support for Papa Doc in Haiti, Juan Bosch in the Dominican Republic and the coup in Vietnam against Ngo Dinh Diem.
Kennedy International Airport (JFK) and President Juan Bosch International Airport (AZS) in Samana on Wednesdays and Saturdays [ETH] the only service between the United States and this coveted beach destination.
1) Las referencias sobre el tema de la lucha colonial se pueden encontrar en los trabajos de Juan Manuel Zapatero, 1964; Juan Bosch, 1970; Paul Hoffman, 1980 y 1983; Pablo Emilio Perez Mallaina Bueno, 1982; John Tepaske, 1983; John H.
Juan Bosch, an intellectual of the time and the future president of the country, and she is his prize.