Juan Bosch

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bosch, Juan


Born June 30, 1909, in La Vega. Dominican political and state figure; writer.

Bosch participated in the opposition movement against the Trujillo dictatorship. He was forced to emigrate in 1937. In 1939 he was one of the founders of the Dominican Revolutionary Party (PRD). He returned to the country in 1961 and was the PRD’s candidate for the presidency in 1962. Between February and September 1963 he was president of the Dominican Republic. His government carried out a number of measures infringing on the interests of US monopolies. In April 1963 the government adopted the first bourgeois-democratic constitution. Bosch’s activity evoked dissatisfaction among the imperialists of the USA and the forces of domestic reaction. He was removed as a result of a military coup (September 1963) and was in exile until 1965. In September 1965, during the upsurge of the patriotic movement in the country which took place under the banner of the restoration of the constitution of 1963, he returned to his homeland. In 1966 he was a candidate for the presidency, but under the conditions of the American occupation (from April 1965) of the Dominican Republic, he was defeated and emigrated once more. In 1970 he returned to the country.

Bosch is the author of a number of literary and journalistic works. Some have been translated into English, French, German, and Italian. His works in Russian translation are “The Rebel” and “The Holiday of Encarnación Mendoza” (Inostrannaia literatura, 1965, no. 11).


The Unfinished Experiment: Democracy in the Dominican Republic. New York, 1965.
El Pentagonismo Sustituto del imperialismo. Madrid, 1968.
Cuentos escritos en el exilio. Santo Domingo, 1962.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The four airports in the new Aerodom network partnership include; Las Americas International Airport (SDQ), Santo Domingo; Gregorio Luperon International Airport (POP), Puerto Plata; Presidente Juan Bosch International Airport (AZS), Samana; and Presidente Joaquin Balaguer (JBQ), located at La Isabela, North Santo Domingo.
Drawing on archival research and using a conflated theoretical framework, the author offers a portrait of Williams that shows how his experiences in Trinidad, England, and America radicalized him and how his relationships with other Caribbean intellectuals--along with Aime Cesaire in Martinique, Juan Bosch in the Dominican Republic, George Lamming of Barbados, and Frantz Fanon from Martinique--enabled him to seize opportunities for social change and make a significant contribution to Caribbean epistemology.
If the US initially sought to bring back its citizens from the Dominican Republic, it soon became clear that its real aim was to repress the military-civilian uprising that began on April 24, 1965, which supported Juan Bosch's return to power and the restoration of the 1963 Constitution.
President Danilo Medina launched the construction of Santo Domingo's largest low-income housing project, "Juan Bosch City", reports DR1 Daily News (Sept.
Lorgia Garcia's "Mas que cenizas" provides a historical overview of Juan Bosch as an emblematic voice of dissidence that articulated a transnational Dominicanidad outside geographic borders through alliances between Dominicans living on the island and those living abroad, alliances that helped create a narrative of social justice that he later linked to the democratic rhetoric of his political party, founded in exile in 1942.
The three chapters of the opening section titled "Migratory Identities" examine the experience of exile in the works of Jose Marti, Juan Bosch, and Julia de Burgos--auspicious choices because these authors not only are influential political figures of the Hispanic Caribbean, they are also considered forerunners of Caribbean Latino writings.
At the time, I believe this phenomenon affected our initial support for Papa Doc in Haiti, Juan Bosch in the Dominican Republic and the coup in Vietnam against Ngo Dinh Diem.