John of Austria

(redirected from Juan De Austria)
Also found in: Dictionary.
Related to Juan De Austria: Don John of Austria
John of Austria
Birthday
Died

John of Austria,

1545–78, Spanish admiral and general; illegitimate son of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. He was acknowledged in his father's will and was recognized by his half-brother, Philip II of Spain. In 1569 he fought against the Morisco rebels in Granada. As admiral of the Holy League, formed against the Ottoman Empire by Pope Pius V, Spain, and Venice, he won the famous naval victory of LepantoLepanto, battle of
, Oct. 7, 1571, naval battle between the Christians and Ottomans fought in the strait between the gulfs of Pátrai and Corinth, off Lepanto (Návpaktos), Greece. The fleet of the Holy League commanded by John of Austria (d.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (1571). He later took Tunis and served as governor-general in Italy. In 1576 he was sent by Philip as governor-general to the Netherlands, then in rebellion against Spain under the leadership of William the SilentWilliam the Silent
or William of Orange
(William I, prince of Orange), 1533–84, Dutch statesman, principal founder of Dutch independence. Early Life
..... Click the link for more information.
. John was forced to make concessions but then resumed hostilities. His victorious general, Alessandro FarneseFarnese, Alessandro
, 1545–92, duke of Parma and Piacenza (1586–92), general and diplomat in the service of Philip II of Spain. He was the son of Duke Ottavio Farnese and Margaret of Parma and thus a nephew of Philip II and of John of Austria, under whom he
..... Click the link for more information.
, succeeded him as governor-general on his death.

Bibliography

See Sir William Stirling-Maxwell, Don John of Austria (1883).


John of Austria,

1629–79, Spanish general and statesman; illegitimate son of Philip IV. He helped put down Masaniello's revolt (1647) in Naples, was viceroy of Sicily (1648–51), and fought (1651–52) against the rebels in Catalonia. In 1656, while France was at war with Spain (see FrondeFronde
, 1648–53, series of outbreaks during the minority of King Louis XIV, caused by the efforts of the Parlement of Paris (the chief judiciary body) to limit the growing authority of the crown; by the personal ambitions of discontented nobles; and by the grievances of
..... Click the link for more information.
), he was appointed governor of the Spanish Netherlands. He was defeated by Turenne at the battle of the DunesDunes, Battle of the,
1658, decisive engagement fought near Dunkirk in the struggle between France and Spain that had resulted from Spanish intervention in the Fronde. The Spanish under the command of Don John of Austria and Louis II de Condé lost to the French and their
..... Click the link for more information.
 (1658) and recalled. His campaign (1661–64) for the reconquest of Portugal also failed. During the minority of Charles IICharles II,
1661–1700, king of Spain, Naples, and Sicily (1665–1700), son and successor of Philip IV. The last of the Spanish Hapsburgs, he was physically crippled and mentally retarded.
..... Click the link for more information.
, he overthrew the regency of the queen-mother Mariana and seized power (1677). His government lost Franche-Comté to France by the peace of Nijmegen (1678).

John of Austria

called Don John. 1547--78, Spanish general: defeated the Turks at Lepanto (1571)
References in periodicals archive ?
Termina la relacion, aunque, la tirada de romance es mas extensa, pues continua cuando llegan las tropas que ayudaran a sofocar la rebelion morisca, entre ellos, se encuentra otra figura historica, don Lope de Figueroa, junto con su ejercito; este llega a entablar un dialogo con don Juan de Austria, pero es interrumpido abruptamente por Garces quien lleva a un moro cautivo, Alcuzcuz.
La cantidad de dinero y los objetos saqueados tampoco era poca: Don Juan de Austria capturo 274 canones pequenos, y de la bastarda de Ali Paca 150.
En el caso de Alcala de Henares los barrios con mas de la cuarta parte de poblacion extranjera sobre su poblacion total son por orden (figura 5): Juncal, San Isidro, Carretera de Madrid, Era Honda, Juan de Austria, Reyes Catolicos y Plaza de Toros.
Las cuestiones relativas a las ceremonias y el protocolo generaron muchas resoluciones, por ejemplo, sobre las fiestas a las que debian acudir los miembros de la Audiencia, el asiento del fiscal, el sello real o las celebraciones por las victorias de don Juan de Austria o acontecimientos familiares de miembros de la casa real.
Carlos's half-brother Don Juan Jose de Austria does get properly introduced, after he has been mentioned as Don Juan de Austria, as he most often is, which might confuse him with the more famous Don Juan de Austria [1547-1578] (154).
En este ultimo genero se han distinguido algunos escritores de habla inglesa: por ejemplo, Winston Churchill escribio un cuento sobre lo que hubiera pasado si Lee no hubiera ganado la batalla de Gettysburg, y Chesterton una narracion sobre lo que hubiera sucedido si don Juan de Austria si se hubiera casado con Maria, reina de Escocia.
El hijo del aguila romanticizes the secretive village upbringing of Don Juan de Austria by Charles V's retainer Luis Quijada, and Las palabrasa los reyes y gloria de los Pizarros, as the title suggests, dramatizes the roles of the Pizarro brothers, Fernando and Francisco, inthe conquest of Peru.
Y el Turco, estando muy indignado y afrentado por las victorias que los cristianos habian habido contra el, vendra con muy grande poder y furia y tomara la armada de Don Juan de Austria, y juntandola con la suya, estando los cristianos revueltos unos con otros, no tendra el Turco resistencia y hara inaudita matanza de los cristianos y destruira muy en breve a Italia y Francia y Espana y despues a los restante de los cristianos y luteranos.
Como resultado de la llegada de Don Juan de Austria a los puertas de la villa con un sequito armado para dominar a la reina y hacerse dueno del gobierno, se habia formado
Paso luego a la armada de la Santa Liga, una coalicion de las flotas espanola, pontifical y veneciana que, bajo el mando supremo de don Juan de Austria, se disponia a cerrar el paso a la expansion musulmana que a traves de Turquia habia invadido ya Grecia y se disponia a ocupar la isla de Chipre, estrategico bastion del cristianismo en el Mediterraneo oriental.
5) Se supo de la existencia de otras cuatro, Don Juan de Austria, Satan vencido, El beso de Rousalka y La Leyenda de Rudel, esta ultima con algunos trozos sobrevivientes.
El eclesiastico balear habia desembarcado el ano anterior en Tunez, porque don Juan de Austria le habia encomendado un papel de envergadura en la posesion africana: Diego iba a ser el vicario General y Comisario del Santo oficio en un area donde la casi totalidad de los subditos eran musulmanes (56).