Juan Montalvo


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Montalvo, Juan

 

Born Apr. 13, 1832, in Ambato, Ecuador; died Jan. 1, 1889, in Paris. Ecuadorian writer and journalist.

Montalvo studied law at the Central University of Ecuador in Quito. After the reactionary coup d’etat of 1869, he headed the liberal opposition. Montalvo lived as an emigre in Colombia and France. He was important to Ecuadorian literature as the creator of antityrannical political prose and as a brilliant stylist. Montalvo published his works in antigovernment newspaper-leaflets, which he printed himself; for example, El Cosmopolita (1866–69), in which he condemned despotism and corruption, the military dictatorship, and the crimes of the church and the ruling classes. Montalvo’s essays Seven Treatises (1882) and Moral Geometry (published 1902), which combined militant journalism with romantic individualism, were important for the development of social thought in Latin America. Montalvo was one of the first in Ecuador to defend the rights of the Indians.

WORKS

Obras escogidas. Quito, 1948.
Prosas. [Havana, 1968.]

REFERENCES

Mamontov, S. P. “Literatura Ekvadora.” In the collection Ekvador. Moscow, 1963.
Guevara, D. C. Quijote y Maestro: Biografia novelada de J. Montalvo, Quito, 1947.
Barrera, I. Historia de la literatura ecuatoriana. Quito, 1960.

S. P. MAMONTOV

References in periodicals archive ?
My article (which I had signed under the pseudonym of Juan Montalvo, to protect my family in Argentina from military reprisal) was a long interview with two leaders of the "Madres of Plaza de Mayo" organisation in Argentina.
Mansilla, Juan Montalvo, vicente Riva Palacio, Ignacio Manuel Altamirano, Eduardo Wilde, Julio Lucas Jaimes, Carlos Martinez Silva, Justo Sierra, Miguel Cane, Eduardo Ladislao Holmbergo, Jose Maria Barrios de los Rios y Javier de viana son algunos ejemplos.
The reader collects writings and addresses by pensadores Simon Bolivar, Jose Maria Luis Mora, Andres Bello, Jose Victorino Lastarria, Francisco Bilbao, Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, Esteban Echeverria, Lucas Alaman, Juan Bautista Alberdi, Eugenio Maria de Hostos, Juan Montalvo, Jose Marti, Soledad Acosta de Samper, Justo Sierra, Euclides de Cunha, Clorinda Matto de Turner, Francisco Alonso de Bulnes, and Alcides Arguedas in which they grappled with the Latin American colonial past, issues of federalism versus political unitarianism, the role of the institutional Catholic Church, patterns of social existence, foreign relations, polices towards indigenous peoples, the role of women in Latin America, education and economic development, and the nature and uses of history.
I am a civil engineer and live in the town of Ambato, Ecuador, where Don Juan Montalvo, the "Cervantes of the Americas," was born.
Juan Montalvo Fiallos (1832-1889) y Jose Mafia Vargas Vila (1860-1930), los autores que me interesan aqui, vivieron inmersos en ese ambito de tension entre la gloria de la emancipacion pasada y el dudoso exito del proyecto republicano, democratico y liberal.