Juan Pablo Duarte

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Juan Pablo Duarte y Díez
BirthplaceSanto Domingo, Dominican Republic
One of the Founding Fathers of the Dominican Republic
Known for visionary and liberal thinker
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Duarte, Juan Pablo


Born 1813 in Santo Domingo; died July 15, 1876, in Caracas. Dominican patriot.

In 1838, Duarte created the secret society La Trinitaria, the goal of which was to eliminate Haiti’s domination of the Dominican Republic. In 1843 he led a demonstration in Santo Domingo that demanded administrative reforms; for this action he was exiled from the country. After the country’s declaration of independence (1844), Duarte returned to Santo Domingo and became a member of the Central Junta; in July 1844 he was proclaimed president. However, power was seized by General Santana, who banished Duarte from the country. Duarte opposed the annexation (in 1861) of the Dominican Republic by Spain. In 1864 he returned to his native land in order to participate in the anti-Spanish struggle, but he was sent as part of a diplomatic mission to Venezuela, where he died.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Annually on its Independence Day, the country pays tribute to its Founding Fathers, Juan Pablo Duarte, Francisco del Rosario Sanchez, and Matias Ramon Mella in rites held at "Puerta del Conde" where the declaration of their war for Independence took place.
"The green flame will cross the country's main provinces and towns to light the way for this citizen mobilization as the only guarantee that the fatherland of Juan Pablo Duarte and the leaders of the Restoration War will rid itself of the corruption and impunity that is oppressing us," Marcha Verde leader Mario Serrano told the local press.
It was a bit perplexing to see that contemporary baseball player Sammy Sosa and founding father Juan Pablo Duarte received the same amount of coverage.
The Dominican Republic gained independence after Juan Pablo Duarte organized a war against the Haitian occupation.
The collection includes the baptism certificate of nation's forefather Juan Pablo Duarte (1813), and the chalice used when Father Billini said mass in 1861, and Monsignor Nouel's chair.
The French Legion d'Honneur awarded him as Commandeur; the Dominican Republic government honored him with the Order of Merit de Juan Pablo Duarte and the Order of Cristobal Colon; in 2000 he received the CFDA Womensweer Designer of the Year Award and the Gold Medal of the Arts from the King of Spain.
Meanwhile, President Medina has said that 2013 will be "the year in which the 200th anniversary of the birth of [national hero] Juan Pablo Duarte will be commemorated" and has set up a national commission, including a number of government ministers, so that "on Jan.
Autovia del Este, the central library of the state university (UASD) and the Juan Pablo Duarte bridge works are paralyzed due to lack of funds to pay the contractors.