Juan Domingo Perón

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Perón, Juan Domingo

 

Born Oct. 8, 1895, in Lobos; died July 1, 1974, in Buenos Aires. Argentine political leader and head of state.

A professional military man, Perón served as military attaché in Chile in 1936 and 1937. He spent the years 1937–40 in Europe, observing military training methods. From 1941 to 1943 he was a leader of the Grupo de Oficiales Unidos, an organization of army officers, which carried out a coup d’etat in Argentina in June 1943. Between 1943 and 1945, Perón was head secretary of the ministry of war, secretary of labor, and vice-president. From 1946 to 1955 he was president. In 1947 he founded the Peronist Party, which in 1955 was renamed the Justicialist Party. Taking advantage of the favorable economic situation that developed during and after World War II, Perón was able to satisfy some of the demands of the national bourgeoisie, especially in regard to foreign trade. He also made a number of concessions to the masses, the most important being the granting of wage increases to certain categories of workers.

Although he made use of anti-imperialist and nationalist slogans, Perón gradually gave in to pressure by imperialist US monopolies. The most reactionary circles in the country, taking advantage of the increasing dissatisfaction of the workers and middle strata, overthrew Perón in September 1955. Perón was an émigré in Spain from 1955 until June 1973. In September 1973 he once again became president of Argentina.

REFERENCES

Codovilla, V. Izbr. stat’i i rechi. Moscow, 1970.
Ghioldi, R. “Peronizm i problemy bor’by progressivnykh sil za sozdanie edinogo fronta.” Latinskaia Amerika, 1972, no. 6; 1973, no. 1.
References in periodicals archive ?
La interpretacion convencional de este episodio destaca las reticencias de Juan Peron, la oposicion del ejercito y los efectos de su enfermedad como principales causas del renunciamiento.
Juan Peron was repeatedly accused by his enemies of being a Fascist and Nazi sympathizer.
Juan Peron, Evita's lovelorn husband, founded a city dedicated to her on the outskirts of Buenos Aires in 1947.
Juan Peron, who was 35 years older than she, was attracted to her beauty and believed she could provide him with the female companionship he had been lacking since the death of his second wife, Eva ("Evita") Peron.
Then in 1945, she wed middle-aged widower and career army officer Juan Peron.
Gobierna un gobierno peronista; pero ya entre el Juan Peron de 1943, cuando irrumpe en la vida publica, y el Juan Peron de 146 y 1951, cuando es por dos veces consecutivas presidente, y el Juan Peron de 1973, cuando otra vez vuelve a ocupar la presidencia, los vinculos ideologicos se diluyen y las contradicciones se vuelven una constante, Un vaporoso y siempre postergado afan de justicia social (de ahi proviene la denominacion de justicialismo"), que en la realidad de su aplicacion practica se confunde con la vasta uniformidad, no parece suficiente para constituir un sistema politico articulador; tampoco ayudan a esa definicion el empaque autoritario, una andadura "democratica" dogmatica o el azuzar el enardecimiento de la plaza publica.
Prolific Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges (1899-1986) was given the directorship of the Argentine National Library in 1955 after the deposition of Juan Peron.
ELECTED PRESIDENT of Argentina in 1946, Juan Peron was reelected in 1952.
Fuller's clustered choreography; Tim Rice's whip-smart book and lyrics (make sure to read Rice's playbill biography); and the three great leading roles of Eva, Che and Juan Peron (Philip Hernandez) make for a powerhouse lineup.
Likewise, Corpa Vargas shows how each of these texts contributed to the confusion over whether the real Eva and Juan Peron really loved each other, whether Evita really penned the manuscripts, and finally whether or not the manuscripts can be read as reflection on Evita's psychology.
Argentinian author and journalist Uki Goni shows in a new book how Nazi officers found refuge in Argentina and claims that the escape mechanisms were organised with the enthusiastic support of President Juan Peron.
Section (2) presents a script about the life of Eva Peron, the young wife of Argentina's president during the late 1940s and early 1950s, Juan Peron, and based on her autobiography, "Evita by Evita.