Juana Inés de la Cruz

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Cruz, Juana Inés de la:

see Juana Inés de la CruzJuana Inés de la Cruz
, 1651–95, Mexican poet. She is considered the greatest lyric poet of the colonial period. A beautiful and intellectually precocious girl, Juana was a favorite at the viceregal court before entering a Mexican convent at the age of 16.
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Juana Inés de la Cruz

(hwä`nä ēnās` dā lä kro͞os), 1651–95, Mexican poet. She is considered the greatest lyric poet of the colonial period. A beautiful and intellectually precocious girl, Juana was a favorite at the viceregal court before entering a Mexican convent at the age of 16. Forced to study outside the university, she devoted herself to amassing a fine library, and made her convent into a center of religious and social life in Mexico. Her classical erudition and her scientific curiosity led to reprimands from her superiors. The bishop of Puebla published one of her studies but—under the pseudonym of a fellow nun—criticized her for neglecting religious duties. Sor Juana answered these objections to the education of women in a spirited autobiographical letter (1691; tr. 1982) that became a classic. Her lyric poetry, mystical in inspiration and influenced by Spaniards Góngora and Calderón, won enduring fame. Her masterpiece is Primer sueño, a metaphoric interpretation of a dream and of awakening. Sor Juana sold her books and devoted her last years to the spiritual life. She died trying to help the convent victims of an epidemic.

Bibliography

See selected poems tr. by M. S. Peden (1985) and F. Warnke (1987); studies by O. Paz (tr. 1988) and G. Tavard (1991); critical essays ed. by S. Merrim (1991).

References in periodicals archive ?
A proposito de Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz y la edicion de textos del Siglo de Oro.
She illustrated her beliefs with passages from the life of Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz.
Cuadernos de Sor Juana: Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz y el siglo XVII.
Had I shared with her young spirit the poetry of Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz or Joyce Rupp?
Velasquez takes inspiration from Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz, the famous 17th-century Mexican nun and poet credited as being the first feminist in North America.
Through dance, Gallego's high school students learned about the lives and work of five notable Hispanic women including painter Frida Kahlo; Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz, who became a nun in order to get an education; and Digna Ochoa, the human rights lawyer who was assassinated in 2001.
Written by Sister Juana Ines De La Cruz, the play was first performed in 1683 in Mexico City.
The play, tutoring October 25 through December 14 at the Hollywood Court Theater in Los Angeles, is based on Alicia Gaspar de Alba's novel Sor Juana's Second Dream, about the real-life Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz (played by Nanin), a 17th-century Mexican nun of such cultural impact that her face is now on the 200-peso bill.
At the same time, a second company of 20 actors will present a season of classics by Shakespeare's Spanish contemporaries, Lope de Vega, Tirso de Molina, Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz and Miguel de Cervantes, in the Swan Theatre.
The libretto includes some of the biblical texts, the Apocrypha, verses by Hildegard von Bingen, and poems in Spanish by Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz, Rosario Castellanos, Ruben Dario and Vicente Huidobro.
13) Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz -ENIGMAS ofrecidos a la Casa del Placer, ed.
In a chapel at the heart of Mexico City, a portrait of Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz, the proto-feminist seventeenth-century poet known as the "Tenth Muse," hangs high on a plain white wall.