(redirected from Juarez)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to Juarez: Benito Juarez


officially Heroica Ciudad Juárez, city (1990 pop. 789,522) Chihuahua state, N Mexico, on the Rio Grande opposite El PasoEl Paso
, city (1990 pop. 515,342), seat of El Paso co., extreme W Tex., on the Rio Grande opposite Juárez, Mex.; inc. 1873. In a region of cattle ranches and cotton and vegetable farms (irrigated from the Elephant Butte Reservoir), the city is a port of entry and a
..... Click the link for more information.
, Tex. Connected with the United States by three international bridges, it is a shipping point and highway and rail terminus. It is also the commercial and processing center for the surrounding cotton-growing area. Except for the river valley, under intense cultivation southeast of the city, Juárez is hemmed in by desert. It has experienced extremely rapid population growth and has been a favored location for the placement of maquiladorasmaquiladoras
, Mexican assembly plants that manufacture finished goods for export to the United States. The maquiladoras are generally owned by non-Mexican corporations.
..... Click the link for more information.
, foreign-owned manufacturing plants that finish goods for sale in the United States.

Developing (1659) as the focal point for Spanish colonial expansion to the north, it was originally called El Paso del Norte and included settlements on both sides of the river, until they were split by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848), which ended the Mexican WarMexican War,
1846–48, armed conflict between the United States and Mexico. Causes

While the immediate cause of the war was the U.S. annexation of Texas (Dec., 1845), other factors had disturbed peaceful relations between the two republics.
..... Click the link for more information.
. In 1888 the name of the Mexican town was changed to honor Benito JuárezJuárez, Benito
, 1806–72, Mexican liberal statesman and national hero. Revered by Mexicans as one of their greatest political figures, Juárez, with great moral courage and honesty, upheld the civil law and opposed the privileges of the clericals and the army.
..... Click the link for more information.
, who made it his capital when exiled from central Mexico. The city was captured by Pascual Orozco and Francisco Villa in the early days of the revolution in 1910. From 2008 to 2011 the city was notorious as the most deadly scene of Mexico's drug-related violence.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
References in periodicals archive ?
These Chicana writers fictionalize the account of the "Juarez murders," which refers to more than 450 mysterious disappearance and often ritualized killings of women since 1993, most of whom are maquiladora workers.
During Gomez Mont's visit to Ciudad Juarez, authorities received bomb threats and found traces of explosives in a vehicle parked at the airport, which was evacuated by soldiers and federal police but reopened by late afternoon.
The Daughters of Juarez explores the questions that linger behind these crimes and provides eye-opening information about these atrocities on the border.
"I gave him a boxing lesson and that's exactly what I wanted to do - I learned never to fight on my opponent's level," said Barrera, 32, who frustrated the big-hitting Juarez throughout the fight.
Barrera's unbelievable record of 62 wins from 67 pro fights is something he should rightly be proud of, but the lighter the weight, the more speed and agility come in to play and at 32 - six years Juarez's senior - time and punishment may take its toll.
To better illustrate this dynamic in Juarez, two companies have been interviewed: Keytronics EMS and EPIC Technologies.
Rincon, a scientist with the nonprofit Environmental Defense in El Paso, says the population of Ciudad Juarez has been growing at 4.3% annually for years, mostly due to workers moving there to take jobs created largely by NAFTA.
Many victims were sexually assaulted, their bodies mutilated, strangled and dumped in the desert near Juarez. And not a single perpetrator has been brought to justice for these murders.
Conklin's "The View from Juarez" (which appeared in our August issue) turned out to be his last assignment.
Last year, Juarez had filed a wrongful death claim seeking $60 million from the U.S.