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officially Heroica Ciudad Juárez, city (1990 pop. 789,522) Chihuahua state, N Mexico, on the Rio Grande opposite El PasoEl Paso
, city (1990 pop. 515,342), seat of El Paso co., extreme W Tex., on the Rio Grande opposite Juárez, Mex.; inc. 1873. In a region of cattle ranches and cotton and vegetable farms (irrigated from the Elephant Butte Reservoir), the city is a port of entry and a
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, Tex. Connected with the United States by three international bridges, it is a shipping point and highway and rail terminus. It is also the commercial and processing center for the surrounding cotton-growing area. Except for the river valley, under intense cultivation southeast of the city, Juárez is hemmed in by desert. It has experienced extremely rapid population growth and has been a favored location for the placement of maquiladorasmaquiladoras
, Mexican assembly plants that manufacture finished goods for export to the United States. The maquiladoras are generally owned by non-Mexican corporations.
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, foreign-owned manufacturing plants that finish goods for sale in the United States.

Developing (1659) as the focal point for Spanish colonial expansion to the north, it was originally called El Paso del Norte and included settlements on both sides of the river, until they were split by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848), which ended the Mexican WarMexican War,
1846–48, armed conflict between the United States and Mexico. Causes

While the immediate cause of the war was the U.S. annexation of Texas (Dec., 1845), other factors had disturbed peaceful relations between the two republics.
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. In 1888 the name of the Mexican town was changed to honor Benito JuárezJuárez, Benito
, 1806–72, Mexican liberal statesman and national hero. Revered by Mexicans as one of their greatest political figures, Juárez, with great moral courage and honesty, upheld the civil law and opposed the privileges of the clericals and the army.
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, who made it his capital when exiled from central Mexico. The city was captured by Pascual Orozco and Francisco Villa in the early days of the revolution in 1910. From 2008 to 2011 the city was notorious as the most deadly scene of Mexico's drug-related violence.

References in periodicals archive ?
JetBlue recently announced plans to begin airlift service to Mexico City's Benito Juarez International Airport (MEX) from two of its Florida bases.
Juarez Acevedo was first introduced to Red Hat Enterprise Linux four years ago when Banco Azteca consolidated multiple existing platforms including Sun Solaris, HP UX and AIX and standardized on Red Hat Enterprise Linux.
Juarez said: "Although I am on the transfer list I still have two years left on contract so I'll decide my future and no one else.
Araujo reminisced about sitting in the visa waiting room of the old Juarez consulate seeking his student visa, and told the Mexican students that the world was theirs, and that "it all starts with a sound education.
Not much is left of the bustling Juarez that once attracted droves of tourists who crossed the bridge from the US every weekend to party in the notorious red light district, where the laws on alcohol and prostitution are so much more liberal than in the States.
At the opening ceremony in Ciudad Juarez, Consul General Tom Rogan congratulated those involved and cut the ribbon with the director of the children's museum.
In Anapra and Juarez, he noted, parents of small children worked 12- to 16-hour days in factories while grandparents cared for children.
When Mexico City businessman Adolfo Juarez got hit a few years ago, he lost $100,000 of almonds in a Mexico City heist, and another load worth $100,000.
Sailor's tattoos begin to appear on Jabo's arms; our final image is of Jabo standing on the bridge that crosses the Rio Grande between El Paso and Juarez, dressed like a sailor.
Benito Pablo Juarez, student at the Seminary of Oaxaca, was talking to his sister, Maria Josefa, the Maza family's cook, as she peeled vegetables for supper.
Gene Juarez Salons and Spas is declaring 'Mother's Day Monday' a day for all moms to look and feel fabulous, and anyone who presents a signed petition at one of the 10 Gene Juarez locations will receive special offers throughout the month of May.