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Juba(jo͞o`bə), city (1993 pop. 114,980), capital and largest city of South Sudan, a port on the White Nile in the southern part of the country. It is the southern terminus of river traffic in South Sudan and is a highway hub, with roads radiating into Uganda, Kenya, and Congo (Kinshasa). The Univ. of Juba is in the city.
A unification agreement arranged in Juba in 1947 joined the northern and southern parts of Sudan, which dashed Britain's hopes of adding the south to Uganda. Juba became the center of southern resistance to alleged northern dominance of the country. In 1955, a mutiny of southern troops at Juba caused a Sudanese civil war, which was settled in 1969. Civil war broke out again in 1983; a peace settlement was signed in 2005.
Under the settlement, Juba became the capital of autonomous S Sudan, and many former refugees subsequently crowded into the city and the surrounding area. In 2011, following a referendum on independence for the south, Juba became the capital of the Republic of South Sudan, but there are plans to move the capital ultimately to a more central location N of Juba.
a city in southern Sudan, administrative center of Equatoria Province. Population, 15,000 (1964). It is an important commercial transportation center: it is a river port on the left bank of the White Nile, the starting point for shipping to Khartoum, and a junction point for highways leading to the Nile Valley from the Gulf of Guinea (beginning at Douala in Cameroon) and from the Indian Ocean (Mombasa, Kenya).
(Cuba), a river in northeast Africa in Ethiopia and Somalia. The Juba forms at the city of Dolo at the confluence of the Ganale Dorya, Dawa, and Webi Gestro rivers, which originate in the Ethiopian Plateau. Length, 1,600 km (from the source of the Ganale Dorya); basin area, 196,000 sq km. The river with its winding channel cuts across the Somali plateau, where it loses much water to evaporation, and flows into the Indian Ocean. During floodtime it has a full strong flow; in the wet seasons (April-June and September-November) it is navigable to Bardera.