Judas Maccabeus

(redirected from Judah Maccabee)

Judas Maccabeus:

see MaccabeesMaccabees
or Machabees
, Jewish family of the 2d and 1st cent. B.C. that brought about a restoration of Jewish political and religious life. They are also called Hasmoneans or Asmoneans after their ancestor, Hashmon.
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, Jewish family.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Judas Maccabeus


Died 161 B.Cl Leader of a popular revolt in Judea, directed against the political, taxational, and religious oppression of the Seleucids.

Judas was the third son of Mattathias (who died in 166 B.Cl), a descendant of the priestly clan of the Hasmoneans. In 167 B.Cl, Judas, together with his father, led a rebellion, which spread in response to religious persecution of the Jews by the Seleucid king Antiochus IV and grew into a popular revolt. (The revolt was called the Maccabean war from Judas’ nickname Maccabee, which presumably meant “hammerer.”) In a series of battles in 167-162 B.Cl, the army of Judas Maccabeus routed the greatly superior forces of the armies of the Seleucid generals. In 164 he seized Jerusalem and reconsecrated the temple. The armed and political struggle was continued even after the abolition of religious persecution by the Seleucids (in 162 B.C.). In 161 he concluded an alliance with Rome. After the death of Judas in the battle near Laisa (Elasa), the struggle was headed by his brothers until the achievement of complete political independence by Judea in 142 B.C.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The director's attempt at a follow-up movie about Judah Maccabee never came to fruition, but its screenwriter alleged that Gibson was publicly hateful of Jews and used several anti-Semitic epithets in their time working together (Gibson denied the allegations, but admitted to having had "a little bit of a temper").
"More than 2,000 years ago, a band of Jewish patriots led by Judah Maccabee reclaimed their freedom from an oppressive dictator who persecuted the Jewish people and ransacked the Holy Temple," he said, adding that the Jewish people throughout history have suffered repression and violence, "yet in the face of this hardship the Jewish people have endured, overcome and thrived."
According to some traditions, Judith was a daughter--or an aunt--of Judah Maccabee. This could explain the connection to Hanukkah, except for the pesky fact that the Maccabees lived in the 2nd century BCE, while the story of Judith is from the 4th or 6th century BCE.
The mother didn't need more than one look to identify the object as an ancient oil lamp dating back 2,200 years, meaning it would've been in use in the days of Judah Maccabee.
Hanukkah commemorates the rededication of the Temple in Jerusalem in 165 BCE after the routing of Syrian-Greek occupiers by a ragtag military force led by Judah Maccabee. Hanukkah candles burn considerably brighter in the United States than among Jews living in another parts of the world.
7, d s t The screenwriter also claims Gibson sabotaged his script for the star's planned film about biblical Jewish hero Judah Maccabee. o is d h But Gibson hit back, saying the claims were "utter fabrications," adding: "Like most creative people I am passionate and intense." ng er ke m
Eszterhas, best known for the Sharon Stone hit Basic Instinct, wrote the script for Gibson's planned film about biblical Jewish hero Judah Maccabee.
"Playing Dreidel with Judah Maccabee" is a script for a play as Edward Einhorn presents a story where a modern boy finds a room that grants him a connection to an Ancient Temple in Jerusalem, and to famed figure of Jewish legend Judah Maccabee.
This has taken place as Gibson decided to produce a new film about the life of the mythical Jewish hero, Judah Maccabee, who led a revolt against the Romans in the Second Century BC, while Gibson has not ruled out the possibility of him starring in the film.
Gibson, who launched into an anti-Semitic tirade when he was arrested for drink-driving, will direct a film about Judah Maccabee, the hero of the Hanukkah story.
The 55-year-old actor, who in the past used barrage of anti-Semitic insults, had signed to produce a movie about Judah Maccabee - the Jewish warrior who defeated the Greek-Syrian armies in the second century B.C.