Judas Maccabeus

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Judas Maccabeus:

see MaccabeesMaccabees
or Machabees
, Jewish family of the 2d and 1st cent. B.C. that brought about a restoration of Jewish political and religious life. They are also called Hasmoneans or Asmoneans after their ancestor, Hashmon.
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, Jewish family.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Judas Maccabeus


Died 161 B.Cl Leader of a popular revolt in Judea, directed against the political, taxational, and religious oppression of the Seleucids.

Judas was the third son of Mattathias (who died in 166 B.Cl), a descendant of the priestly clan of the Hasmoneans. In 167 B.Cl, Judas, together with his father, led a rebellion, which spread in response to religious persecution of the Jews by the Seleucid king Antiochus IV and grew into a popular revolt. (The revolt was called the Maccabean war from Judas’ nickname Maccabee, which presumably meant “hammerer.”) In a series of battles in 167-162 B.Cl, the army of Judas Maccabeus routed the greatly superior forces of the armies of the Seleucid generals. In 164 he seized Jerusalem and reconsecrated the temple. The armed and political struggle was continued even after the abolition of religious persecution by the Seleucids (in 162 B.C.). In 161 he concluded an alliance with Rome. After the death of Judas in the battle near Laisa (Elasa), the struggle was headed by his brothers until the achievement of complete political independence by Judea in 142 B.C.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(24) Georg Frideric Handel, Judas Maccabeus, The King's Consort, Hyperion CDA66641/2, 1992.
The complexity of its back story, its precise but understated topical references, and the universality of its exhortations to integrity, courage, freedom, religious faith, religious observance, unity, and peace have made Judas Maccabeus vulnerable to misunderstanding and over-simplification, as is sadly obvious in the volume under review here.
A contribution to the Greenwood Guides to Historic Events of the Ancient World, Cynthia White's overview of the emergence of Christianity follows the general format of that series: a chronological timeline, including a list with the dates of Roman emperors from Augustus through the House of Theodosius and of the rulers of Judea from Judas Maccabeus through Agrippa II, biographies of key literary and historical figures, a selection of primary documents illustrating the religious situation of early Christianity, and a glossary, annotated bibliography, and index.
Esther was his first, and during the following thirty-two years, he composed nine oratorios based on specific Biblical figures--Deborah, Athalia, Saul, Samson, Joseph and his brothers, Belshazzar, Joshua, Solomon, and Jephtah--and he also wrote one about Judas Maccabeus. Another Handel masterpiece is Israel in Egypt.
His topics include the wars between Pergamon and Bithynia, literary and epigraphic evidence for the history of Alexander and his first successors, Hellenism and Judaism in the age of Judas Maccabeus, and divine honors for king Antigonus Gonatas in Athens.
a loyal Jew named Judas Maccabeus and his followers were fighting for the right to practice their religion against the prevailing winds of the Greco-Roman world.
Moving across Europe we heard Renaissance and early Baroque works by Lassus, Jakob Handl and Banchieri, before coming into more famliar ground with the 'Conquering Hero' chorus from Handel's Judas Maccabeus, and a warm-toned rendering of Bach's Jesu, joy of man's desiring .
Her bizarre name, derived from Judas Maccabeus (the hero of the apocryphal Books of the Maccabees, which were printed as an appendix in Coverdale's Bible and as canonical in the Geneva Bible) suggests her strictly evangelical parentage.
This version, as has been noted above, was probably not used in Judas Maccabeus until 26 February 1748.
Consider these lacunae: Judas Maccabeus, The Siege of Corinth, Richard Coeur-de-Lion, the "Revolutionary" Etude, Die Walkure, Des Knaben Wunderhorn, L'Histoire du soldat, Horace victorieux, Wozzeck, and Canti di prigionia.
Moreover, Handel's eighteenth- century colleagues all commented on his religious devotion, which rivaled Bach's, and although the aesthetic of his dramatic oratorios Israelites in Egypt, Messiah, Judas Maccabeus, etc.