(24) Georg Frideric Handel, Judas Maccabeus
, The King's Consort, Hyperion CDA66641/2, 1992.
The complexity of its back story, its precise but understated topical references, and the universality of its exhortations to integrity, courage, freedom, religious faith, religious observance, unity, and peace have made Judas Maccabeus
vulnerable to misunderstanding and over-simplification, as is sadly obvious in the volume under review here.
A contribution to the Greenwood Guides to Historic Events of the Ancient World, Cynthia White's overview of the emergence of Christianity follows the general format of that series: a chronological timeline, including a list with the dates of Roman emperors from Augustus through the House of Theodosius and of the rulers of Judea from Judas Maccabeus
through Agrippa II, biographies of key literary and historical figures, a selection of primary documents illustrating the religious situation of early Christianity, and a glossary, annotated bibliography, and index.
Esther was his first, and during the following thirty-two years, he composed nine oratorios based on specific Biblical figures--Deborah, Athalia, Saul, Samson, Joseph and his brothers, Belshazzar, Joshua, Solomon, and Jephtah--and he also wrote one about Judas Maccabeus
. Another Handel masterpiece is Israel in Egypt.
His topics include the wars between Pergamon and Bithynia, literary and epigraphic evidence for the history of Alexander and his first successors, Hellenism and Judaism in the age of Judas Maccabeus
, and divine honors for king Antigonus Gonatas in Athens.
A Hanukkah lamp (or menorah) is used for the eight-day festival of Hanukkah, in November or December, which celebrates the victory of Judas Maccabeus
and the rededication of the Temple in Jerusalem in 165 BC.
a loyal Jew named Judas Maccabeus
and his followers were fighting for the right to practice their religion against the prevailing winds of the Greco-Roman world.
Moving across Europe we heard Renaissance and early Baroque works by Lassus, Jakob Handl and Banchieri, before coming into more famliar ground with the 'Conquering Hero' chorus from Handel's Judas Maccabeus
, and a warm-toned rendering of Bach's Jesu, joy of man's desiring .
Her bizarre name, derived from Judas Maccabeus
(the hero of the apocryphal Books of the Maccabees, which were printed as an appendix in Coverdale's Bible and as canonical in the Geneva Bible) suggests her strictly evangelical parentage.
This version, as has been noted above, was probably not used in Judas Maccabeus
until 26 February 1748.
Consider these lacunae: Judas Maccabeus
, The Siege of Corinth, Richard Coeur-de-Lion, the "Revolutionary" Etude, Die Walkure, Des Knaben Wunderhorn, L'Histoire du soldat, Horace victorieux, Wozzeck, and Canti di prigionia.
Moreover, Handel's eighteenth- century colleagues all commented on his religious devotion, which rivaled Bach's, and although the aesthetic of his dramatic oratorios Israelites in Egypt, Messiah, Judas Maccabeus