Judicial Division

Judicial Division

 

(Russian, sudebnaia kollegiia), in a broad sense, the composition of a court during the consideration of criminal and civil cases; in the USSR, an organizational subunit in most courts (except raion and city courts and military tribunals). Oblast, krai, and okrug courts and supreme courts of autonomous and Union republics have a judicial division for civil cases and a judicial division for criminal cases. The Supreme Court of the USSR has a military division as well (seeMILITARY COLLEGIUM).

The decisions rendered by the courts with respect to individual cases—except decisions by the raion, city, and people’s courts, the military tribunals, the court presidia, and the plenums of the court—originate in the judicial division of the appropriate court. The judicial divisions of the oblast, krai, and okrug courts and supreme courts of the autonomous republics act as courts of the first instance and as appellate courts. Those of the supreme courts of the Union republics consider, in the first instance, cases of particular importance or great social significance that they have accepted for consideration on their own initiative or on the initiative of the procurator of the republic. They are courts of second instance with respect to the oblast, krai, and okrug courts and supreme courts of the autonomous republics, and they are supervisory courts as well.

The judicial divisions of the Supreme Court of the USSR are empowered to consider, in the first instance, exceptionally important criminal and civil cases referred by law to their competence. By way of judicial supervision, they are empowered to consider protests made by the chairman of the Supreme Court of the USSR, the procurator-general of the USSR, and the deputies of these two officials against decisions and sentences rendered by the courts of the Union republics. As courts of first instance, judicial divisions consist of a chairman, deputy chairman or member of the court, and two people’s assessors. As courts of second instance, and when considering protests by way of judicial supervision, they consist of three members of the court.

References in periodicals archive ?
An Ogun State High Court sitting in Ota Judicial Division has awarded N30m against the state government as damages, for trespassing and destruction of buildings, crops belonging to Sokelu- Efulege family.
The prosecutor at the Judicial Division had initiated an investigation following this complaint and decided to charge Nabil Karoui and Ghazi Karoui with several counts, including money laundering.
During the public submissions in Voi, residents recommended a special judicial division be set to deal with corruption cases.
She is affiliated with the American Bar Association Judicial Division, National Bar Association Judicial Council, and past president of the Greensboro Bar Association.
The commission said Reyes is active in the American Bar Association as a member of the House of Delegates, the Judicial Division, Section of Intellectual Property Law and Tort Trial and Insurance Practice Section.
Furthermore the PNC call Prosecutor Fatu Bensuda to refer all war crimes committed by Israel to the Judicial Division and to initiate a judicial investigation against Israeli war criminals involved in the war on the Gaza Strip and those involved in settlement crimes
Bass praised the Informed Voters, Fair Judges Project of the National Association of Women Judges for educating voters, adding the ABA's Judicial Division has assisted with that program.
Based on their population size, various dzongkhags comprise sub-districts known as 'dungkhag,' that is an intermediate administrative and judicial division, which also constitute a gewog.
In March 2014, a 16-judge panel of the ICJ, the judicial division of the United Nations, ruled 12 to 4 that Japan's killing of Antarctic whales -- whose meat is sold in shops and restaurants -- was not justified.
Although not covered in the blog post, the assignment of judges to cases in Texas is based on the judicial division where the case is brought.
The judicial division comprises four main sections; Conciliation and Reconciliation, First Instance, Appeals, and Execution.
Judicial division of the Supreme Court will consider criminal probe against three Members of Parliament of the Ata-Jurt faction Sadyr Japarov, Kamchibek Tashiev and Talant Mamytov on August 6.

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