Judith


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Judith

[Heb.,=Jewess], early Jewish book included in the Septuagint, but not included in the Hebrew Bible, and placed in the Apocrypha of Protestant Bibles. It recounts an attack on the Jews by an army led by Holofernes, Nebuchadnezzar's general. Bethulia, a besieged Jewish city, is about to surrender when Judith, a Jewish widow of great beauty and piety, takes it upon herself to enter the enemy camp. She gains the favor of Holofernes, who seeks an opportunity to seduce her. Judith beheads him while he is drunk. Judith returns to the city with his head, and the Jews rout the enemy. The story depicts Judith as an example for godly Jews when God's commitment to saving his people is mocked. Texts of Judith exist in several ancient languages. The book might be based on a folk-tale and was probably composed in Palestine during the Hasmonean period (c.160–37 B.C.). The identification of Nebuchadnezzar as king of Assyria (he was king of Babylon) may indicate that the book is not intended as literal history. However, there are historical analogies for the invasion, especially that of Antiochus IVAntiochus IV
(Antiochus Epiphanes) , d. 163 B.C., king of Syria (175 B.C.–163 B.C.), son of Antiochus III and successor of his brother Seleucus IV. His nephew (later Demetrius I) was held as a hostage in Rome, although still claiming the throne.
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. Another Judith, a wife of Esau, is named in the Book of Genesis.

Bibliography

See C. A. Moore, Judith (1985). See also bibliography under ApocryphaApocrypha
[Gr.,=hidden things], term signifying a collection of early Jewish writings excluded from the canon of the Hebrew scriptures. It is not clear why the term was chosen.
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.

Judith

saved her city from the onslaught of Holofernes by beheading him during a drunken sleep. [Apocrypha: Judith 13:4-10]
See: Heroism

Judith

1. the heroine of one of the books of the Apocrypha, who saved her native town by decapitating Holofernes
2. the book recounting this episode
References in periodicals archive ?
The writer Judith Kerr has spent over half a century in south London, much of it with the love of her life, her husband BBC author Nigel Kneale, until his death in 2006.
Now I'm delighted to report that they have finally taken my lead and paid out for Judith, of Kilmarnock.
At some point I have been involved in every role within Daisy Chain but my proudest moment is watching the remarkable journey of one of the young people we have supported who wowed the audience at our Winter Ball with his musical talent and heartfelt speech," said Judith.
Kolkata: The family of Judith D'Souza expressed their heartfelt gratitude to the Indian government, specially foreign minister Sushma Swaraj, for rescuing her in Afghanistan.
The reason, I believe, is because people from all walks of life--people who had never met Judith Kaye--sensed that they had lost something pure, something special.
Every day for the past half century, Judith has returned from her stroll and turned those ideas into childhood magic.
Judith was previously with Bilfinger GVA for some 25 years, where she led the Newcastle lease consultancy department.
New studies written for the volume join previously published essays that have influenced research into the Old Testament books Judith and Tobit during the past few years.
Someone so close to you, like a son, they jump into your head at least 100 times a day," Judith Hetherington said.
Dockray-Miller, Mary, The Books and the Life of Judith of Flanders, Farnham, Ashgate, 2015; hardback; pp.
He told anyone who would listen his ex-wife Judith had received too much money in their divorce settlement, and referred to her as a pig.