Judson, Adoniram(ădənī`rəm), 1788–1850, American Baptist missionary, b. Malden, Mass. At Andover Theological Seminary, he became the leader of a missionary movement out of which grew the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. As a Congregational minister, Judson sailed (1812) for India. After conversion to the Baptist faith, he went (1813) to Myanmar, where he remained for 30 years. In 1845 he visited the United States, and on his return to Moulmein (1846; now Mawlamyine) he completed and published (1849) his Dictionary, English and Burmese. He had also translated the Bible into Burmese. The Judson Memorial Church in New York City is named for him.
See biographies by his son Edward Judson (1883), S. R. Warburton (1937), and C. Anderson (1956); V. E. Robinson, The Judsons of Burma (1966).
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Judson, Adoniram(1788–1850) Protestant missionary; born in Malden, Mass. He graduated from Brown in 1807, taught for a year, studied at Andover Theological Seminary, was ordained in 1812 and went to Burma in that year as a Baptist missionary. He was married three times, in each case to women who were missionaries in their own right. He was imprisoned as a spy during the Anglo-Burmese War (1824–26). He translated the Bible into Burmese and claimed to have converted thousands to Christianity. He died a few days after leaving Burma on a voyage for his health.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.