Jugurthine War


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Jugurthine War

 

a war between Rome and the Numidian king Jugurtha that lasted from 111 B.C. to 105 B.C.

In the early days of the war, the Romans enjoyed military success, but Jugurtha obtained a peace settlement by bribing the Roman commanders and thus retained his kingdom. In 110, however, military operations resumed. Having defeated a Roman army under A. Postumius in 109, Jugurtha concluded an agreement with Postumius that recognized Jugurtha as an ally of the Roman people and the leader of the free tribes and tribes that were dependent on Numidia. The treaty was rejected in Rome, however, and fighting resumed. In 109, Jugurtha suffered a serious defeat on the Muthul River and was forced to adopt guerrilla warfare. Jugurtha’s forces were defeated in 107 and decisively routed in 106 by G. Marius.

As a result of the Jugurthine War, Numidia’s dependence on Rome increased. Numidia was partitioned; the western part of the territory was given to King Bocchus of Mauretania as a reward for having handed Jugurtha over to Rome, and the eastern part was given to a feeble-minded relative of Jugurtha’s.

References in periodicals archive ?
The writing of the play, based on Sallust's history of the Jugurthine war, expressed an intensifying interest in classical Rome during the first decade of the seventeenth century.
The Jugurthine War" in Sallust: "Catiline's Conspiracy," "The Jugurthine War, " "Histories, " trans.
In Jugurthine War (translated by John Selby Watson), Chapter 91, the Roman historian Sallust calmly relates what the Roman army did after the town of Capsa surrendered without a fight:
With such a prospect for personal glory, the rivalry between Marius and Sulla, which had simmered since the Jugurthine War more than a decade earlier, exploded into the open.
The Jugurthine war, which lasted about seven years, provided more drama than danger to the Roman state.
Gaius Sallustius Crispus, a Roman historian of the first century BC, wrote on the Catiline and Jugurthine wars.
began this change during the Jugurthine Wars in North Africa.