Juhan Liiv

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Liiv, Juhan


Born Apr. 18 (30), 1864, in the volost (small rural district) of Alatskivi, now in Tartu Raion; died Nov. 18 (Dec. 1), 1913, in the volost of Kavastu, now in Tartu Raion. Estonian writer. Son of a poor peasant.

Liiv studied at a church school and became a journalist. His first works were published in 1885. He won fame for his collection Ten Stories (1893) and the novellas The Cuckoo From Kja-kimjaä (1893), The Shed (1894), and The Sorcerer’s Daughter (1895). Liiv emerged in these works as a precursor of Estonian critical realism and an artist with a profound knowledge of contemporary village life. His short pieces are collected in From the Depths of Life (1910), and his verse in Poems (1909). Liiv’s great poetic talent was not fully appreciated until after his death.


Kogutud teosed, vols. 1–8. Tartu, 1921–35.
Luuletused. Tallinn, 1969.
Proosa. Tallinn, 1973.
In Russian translation:
Izbr. stikhotvoreniia. Tallinn, 1933.
Povesti i rasskazy. Tallinn, 1954.
Stikhotvoreniia. Moscow, 1962. (Preface by D. Vaarandi.)


Vinkel, A. “Zhizn’ i tvorchestvo Iukhana Liiva.” In the collection Obestonskoi literature. Tallinn, 1956.
Tuglas, Fr. Juhan Liiv. Tallinn, 1958.
Vinkel, A. Juhan Liiv. Tallinn, 1964.
References in periodicals archive ?
Of the Estonian poets, the most significant influence on Talvet's poetry comes from the terse, intimate style of Juhan Liiv (1864-1913), the realization of whose weighty message Talvet has helped to spread internationally.
10) Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald, Lydia Koidula and Juhan Liiv, on the one hand, and Gustav Suits, Villem Ridala and Henrik Visnapuu on the other hand.
In his book he discusses the work of Sven Kivisildnik (one of the most polemical and scandalizing figures in contemporary Estonian poetry, a writer whom Krull defines as "counterrevolutionary"), Juhan Liiv (whose "marginality," despite his generally classical aura, Krull stresses), Uku Masing, Jaan Kaplinski, Mati Unt, and Aleksander Suumann.