Juhan Lilienbach

Lilienbach, Juhan


Born Oct. 12 (24), 1870, in the village of Paatna, now in Rakvere Raion; died May 9, 1928, in Leningrad. Estonian poet and publisher.

Lilienbach fought in the Revolution of 1905–07. He published illustrated books for workers— Edasi (Forward, 1905–17)—and a series of satirical magazines. He was repeatedly persecuted. Lilienbach’s book of poetry, Morning Songs, appeared in 1909; it is imbued with faith in the victory of the proletarian revolution. He published the works of E. Vilde, E. Särgava-Peterson, and such proletarian writers as Eessaare Aadu and V. Mölder-Proletarlane.

Lilienbach participated in the Great October Socialist Revolution. In 1918 he headed the Estland Labor Commune Publishing House, which became the publishing house of the Estonian Communist Party in Leningrad.


Hommikulaulud. Tallinn, 1909.
In Russian translation:
[Stikhotvoreniia.] In Antologiia estonskoi poezii, vol. 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1959.


Laosson, M. “O revoliutsionnykh traditsiiakh estonskoi literatury.” In Ob estonskoi literature. Tallinn, 1956.
Eesti kirjanduse ajalugu, part 2. Tallinn, 1962.