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see Husson, JulesHusson or Fleury, Jules
, 1821–89, French novelist who wrote under the name Champfleury
. Considered a pioneer of French realism, Champfleury was an avid collector of French art and artifacts and
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(also Fleury, pen name of Jules-François-Félix Husson). Born Sept. 10, 1821, in Laon, Aisne Department; died Dec. 6, 1889, in Sevres, Hauts-de-Seine Department. French writer.

Champfleury studied at a college (a locally financed or privately owned secondary school) in Laon. In the mid-1840’s he began contributing to magazines. His Chien-Caillou (1847) and other collections of short stories and sketches depicted the life of Parisian Bohemians.

A circle of writers formed around Champfleury; their hypercritical work was labeled “realism” by their literary opponents. Champfleury adopted the term, applying it to his own aesthetic theories, which combined tenets of realism with ideas close to those of naturalism and of “art for art’s sake.” He considered the portrayal of the lower classes of society to be the chief task of literature. Champfleury embodied his aesthetic views in such novels as The Sufferings of Schoolmaster Delteil (1853) and The Bourgeois of Molencharat (1855).


In Russian translation:
”Iz knigi Realizm.” In the collection Literaturnye manifesty frantsuzskikh realistov. [Leningrad, 1935.]


Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 2. Moscow, 1956.
Reizov, B. G. Frantsuzskii roman XIX v. Moscow, 1969.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fechando o volume, Edson Rosa da Silva propoe a traducao de uma carta que Jules Champfleury escreveu a Georges Sand em 1855 em defesa do pintor Gustave Courbet.
(5) Jules Champfleury, 'Lettre confidentielle a mon ami Courbet', Le Diable, 30 July 1870, pp.
O texto que segue, e que gostaria de propor como reflexao sobre a concepcao de realismo de Courbet, assim como sobre sua importancia para a literatura e as artes, e uma carta que o critico e amigo do pintor, Jules Champfleury, escreve a Georges Sand em 1855.