Aimé-Jules Dalou

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dalou, Aimé-Jules


Born Dec. 31, 1838, in Paris; died there on Apr. 15, 1902. French sculptor.

The son of a worker, Dalou was a student of J. B. Car-peaux. He was an active participant in the Paris Commune of 1871 and was chosen to be curator of the Louvre. He created the terra-cotta statuette The National Guardsman (1871, the Hermitage, Leningrad). After the fall of the Commune, Dalou was sentenced to hard labor for life, but he fled to England, where he worked until the amnesty of 1879. In the works that he executed during this period Dalou supplemented the buoyancy that he had learned from Car-peaux with an interest in the everyday life and feelings of common people (A Woman of Brittany, 1870’s, plaster, the Hermitage, Leningrad).

Returning to France, Dalou completed large, sometimes overly heavy bronze compositions (The Triumph of the Republic, Place de la Nation, Paris, 1879–99). His democratic convictions and his desire to develop a clear, energetic language of realistic sculpture are particularly evident in his thematic reliefs (Mirabeau Replying to the Marquis Dreux-Breze, bronze, 1884, the Palace of Deputies, Paris) and in his 54 figures of workers and peasants for the project Monument to Workers (bronze and terra-cotta, c. 1889–98).


Brodskii. V. Khudozhniki Parizhskoi Kommuny. Moscow, 1970.
Caillaux, H. Aime-Jules Dalou. Paris, 1935.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
By examining depictions of readers in different media by a range of artists--Mary Cassatt, Jules Dalou, Edgar Degas, Edouard Manet, James Tissot, Auguste Toulmouche, and Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec--the book repositions the liseuse as a contested theme that challenges conventional stylistic divisions and posits alternative ways of conceptualizing the spaces of modernity that undercut the separation of public and private spaces.
From the 1880s on, Albert-Ernest Carrier-Belleuse (1824-87), Auguste Rodin (1840-1917), Jules Dalou (1838-1902) and later Jean-Desire Ringel d'Illzach (1847-1916) did not hesitate to cross the threshold to ceramics and supply models for the industrial arts.
Leopold Morice, le laureat du concours, et Jules Dalou etaient des contemporains.
The following year, with her mother, Taft, and his sister, the sculptor Zulime Taft, she made her first trip abroad, visiting the Paris studios of Auguste Rodin, Jules Dalou, and Augustus Saint-Gaudens.
During his nine years in London the French sculptor Jules Dalou concentrated largely on figures of seated women.
Indeed, sculpture became his speciality, and in subsequent years Bourdon House was the venue for important exhibitions on terracotta sculpture (1963), Jules Dalou (1964) and Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux (1965).