Jules Ferry


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Ferry, Jules

 

Born Apr. 5, 1832, at St. Dié; died Mar. 17, 1893, in Paris. French political and state figure. Lawyer and publicist.

Ferry was one of the leaders of the republican opposition in the corps législatif in 1869 and 1870. After the September revolution of 1870, he became a member and secretary of the Government of National Defense, prefect of the department of the Seine, and, in November 1870, mayor of Paris. He led the suppression of the January 1871 uprising in Paris. At the time of the Paris Commune, Ferry fled to Versailles. Between 1879 and 1883, with brief interruptions, he held the post of minister of education. He was minister of foreign affairs from 1883 to 1885 and premier from 1880 to 1881 and from 1883 to 1885. Ferry was instrumental in the passage of the laws on free and compulsory elementary education in 1881 and 1882 and on the elimination of religion from the curricula of state schools in 1882.

The policy of colonial expansion practiced by Ferry’s government resulted in the seizure of Tunisia in 1881, the beginning of the conquest of Madagascar and the valleys of the Congo and Niger rivers, and the wars of aggression against Vietnam in 1883 and 1884, which led to the Sino-French War of 1884–85.

REFERENCES

Reclus, M. Jules Ferry, 1832–1893. Paris, 1947.
Legrand, L. L’Influence du positivisme dans l’oeuvre scolaire de J. Ferry. Paris, 1961.
References in periodicals archive ?
Contract notice: Project Management Competition For The Reconstruction And Restructuring Of The Jules Ferry College In Eaubonne - Val D~oise - France.
Master contest lumber for rebuilding and restructuring of the Jules Ferry College in Eaubonne - Val d~Oise - France.
Contract notice: Rehabilitation / extension of the solar group jules ferry.
This consultation concerns: rehabilitation and extension of the school group Jules Ferry, Victor Hugo Street in Aulnoy-lez-Valenciennes.
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Service contract for the control of water consumption and energy management and associated services as part of a command group composed of SA HLM Dialoge - 53 rue Gustave Flaubert - Le Havre and the Seine Estuary - 6 place Jules Ferry - Le Havre.
Contract notice: Resumption Of Water Runoff Rue Jules Ferry A Lommerange
Main features: recovery of runoff rue jules ferry Lommerange
This project management contract is for the construction of about 18 social housing PLUS / PLAI and 130 m2 of commercial space in the DRC located 86 rue de la Convention / 20 rue Jules Ferry La Courneuve (93120) and demolition an R + 2 building (located at 20 rue Jules Ferry).
Cooked meal preparation and delivery market in direct hot link on the Jules Ferry Center site in Calais.
Address : 406 avenue Jules Ferry 88290 Saulxures sur moselotte
Contract award: administrative long lease together with a non-detachable provisioning agreement for the restructuring of the college jules ferry aurillac spent under articles l1311-2, r1311-2, l1615-13 d1615-7 and the general code of local authorities .