Jules Gabriel Janin

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Janin, Jules Gabriel

 

Born Feb. 16, 1804, in St. Etienne, Loire Department; died June 19, 1874, in Paris. French writer, critic, and journalist.

Janin became a member of the French Academy in 1870. His early novels The Dead Ass and the Guillotined Woman (1829) and Confession (1830) reflected the love of romanticists for dramatic conflicts and social contrasts. The first Russian translation of The Dead Ass (1831) brought Janin the attention of the Russian press as well. After the Revolution of 1830 he renounced his progressive passions and became the permanent theater critic on the government newspaper Le Journal des Débats. His unscrupulous and at times reactionary but observant and witty essays and newspaper satires were popular in bourgeois circles. Janin’s The End of a World and of Rameau’s Nephew (1861), a reinterpreted sequel to a novel by D. Diderot, was harshly condemned by Karl Marx (see K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 32, p. 242). Janin successfully translated the English classics (S. Richardson, L. Sterne, and others).

WORKS

Oeuvres diverses, vols. 1–17. Paris, 1876–83.
In Russian translation:
Fantazii. St. Petersburg, 1834.

REFERENCES

Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 2. Moscow, 1956.
Tomashevskii, B. V. Pushkin i Frantsiia. Leningrad, 1960.
Mergier-Bourdeix. Les Amours de J. Janin et “Le Manage du critique,” une correspondance inédite. Paris, 1968.

M. A. GOL’DMAN

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.