Jules Gabriel Janin

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Janin, Jules Gabriel

 

Born Feb. 16, 1804, in St. Etienne, Loire Department; died June 19, 1874, in Paris. French writer, critic, and journalist.

Janin became a member of the French Academy in 1870. His early novels The Dead Ass and the Guillotined Woman (1829) and Confession (1830) reflected the love of romanticists for dramatic conflicts and social contrasts. The first Russian translation of The Dead Ass (1831) brought Janin the attention of the Russian press as well. After the Revolution of 1830 he renounced his progressive passions and became the permanent theater critic on the government newspaper Le Journal des Débats. His unscrupulous and at times reactionary but observant and witty essays and newspaper satires were popular in bourgeois circles. Janin’s The End of a World and of Rameau’s Nephew (1861), a reinterpreted sequel to a novel by D. Diderot, was harshly condemned by Karl Marx (see K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 32, p. 242). Janin successfully translated the English classics (S. Richardson, L. Sterne, and others).

WORKS

Oeuvres diverses, vols. 1–17. Paris, 1876–83.
In Russian translation:
Fantazii. St. Petersburg, 1834.

REFERENCES

Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 2. Moscow, 1956.
Tomashevskii, B. V. Pushkin i Frantsiia. Leningrad, 1960.
Mergier-Bourdeix. Les Amours de J. Janin et “Le Manage du critique,” une correspondance inédite. Paris, 1968.

M. A. GOL’DMAN

References in periodicals archive ?
She was regularly defended in the English press by French journalist Jules Janin and Italian exile Joseph Mazzini with language that would find its way into Barrett's sonnets.
12) Jules Janin, "Literature of the Nineteenth Century, France," The Atheneaum, No.
This consultation is to choosing a provider for the framework agreement awarded to single prime contractor on the redevelopment of the boulevard Jules Janin, Thiers and street Doctors Muller, also known as Grands boulevards located in the scope of the BIA Manufacture Plaine Achille and under the project management of Saint-Eetienne Metropole.