Jules Paul Johannard

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Johannard, Jules Paul


Born Jan. 22, 1843, in Beaune, department of Côte d’Or; died late November 1892, in London. Figure of the French and international socialist movement. Communard.

Johannard was a member of the General Council of the First International and corresponding secretary for Italy in 1868–69. In 1870 he became a member of the Federal Council of the Parisian sections. He was a member of the Paris Commune of 1871. After the defeat of the Commune he emigrated to Great Britain. He was co-opted to the General Council of the Inter-national in 1871. Johannard supported K. Marx in his struggle against the Bakuninists. He participated in the congress of the International at The Hague in 1872.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.