Jules Renard


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Renard, Jules

 

Born Feb. 22, 1864, in Châlons-sur-Mayenne; died May 22, 1910, in Paris. French writer.

Renard studied in lycées in Nevers and Paris. He wrote a cycle of realistic short stories, which included the collections A Village Crime (1888) and Forced Smiles (1890) and the cycles of novellas Wood Lice (1889, published 1919) and The Cadger (1892), portraying the way of life and mores of his compatriots. The novella Carrot Top (1894) depicted the extinction of human feelings within a bourgeois family and the sufferings of a child wounded by insults. Renard’s wrathful satire was directed against idle and wicked members of the bourgeoisie. His play Carrot Top, presented at the Théâtre Antoine (1900), became well known.

Renard’s depiction of nature’s restless harmony in his collection of miniatures Natural Histories (1896) contrasts with his portrayal of the barren life of ordinary people in the collections of stories The Dark Lantern (1893) and The Winegrower in His Vineyard (1894). In the short-story playlets and dramas in the collections Bucolics (1898) and Our Wild Brothers (1908), Renard penetrates into the peasants’ unhappy existence, sympathetically re-creating the life of the village. In his Diary (1925–27), Renard described his style as precise, vivid, and “sculpturally” incisive.

WORKS

Oeuvres, vols. 1–2. [Paris, 1970–71.]
In Russian translation:
Izbrannoe. Moscow, 1946.
Dnevnik. (Compiled and an introductory article by B. Pesis.) Moscow, 1965.

REFERENCES

Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 3. Moscow, 1959.
Guichard, L. Renard. [Paris, 1961.]

V. P. BALASHOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
"Love is like an hourglass, with the heart filling up as the brain empties." - Jules Renard
She compares the first Romanian translation of Jules Renard's Poil de carotte (1894) to six of the seven retranslations published between 1960 and 2012 (one retranslation was excluded from the corpus because it was not complete).
Il y avait du Mohamed Dib, du Mouloud Feraoun, du Yasmina Khadra, ainsi que du Jules Renard, du Manfalouti et meme des Mangas.
Public servants automatically balk at whatever improvements need to be brought about in their daily 'lazy' lives (habitude prise de se reposer avant la fatigue -- Jules Renard, 1864-1910) an attitude nurtured by AKEL/PEO after unionising the workforce during the 1940's.
Ce chef d'orchestre de toutes ses peintures rappelle une citation de Blaise Cendrars : Si l'on a baptise Jules Renard [beaucoup moins que]L'oeil[beaucoup plus grand que], j'appellerai Picasso le [beaucoup moins que]Regard[beaucoup plus grand que].
Meanwhile, back in 1906, Jules Renard declared: "The profession of letters is the only one in which one can make no money without being ridiculous."