Jules Romains


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Romains, Jules

 

(pen name of Louis Farigoule). Born Aug. 26, 1885, in Saint-Julien-Chapteuil, in the department of Haute-Loire; died Aug. 14, 1972, in Paris. French writer. Member of the Académie Française (1946).

Romains graduated from the Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris in 1906. He began his career as a poet and was the founder of the unanimist school. In the 1920’s he wrote grotesque farces denouncing political mores and learned and literary charlatanism, including Dr. Knock (1924; staged 1923), the “cinematographic tale” Donogoo-Tonka (1920; staged 1930), and the comedy Monsieur le Trouhadec in the Grip of Debauchery (1923).

In the 1930’s, Romains’s political views underwent a shift to the right. He did not understand the currents of historical development and consequently failed in his attempt to create an epic of French life between 1908 and 1933 in the novel Men of Good Will (vols. 1–27, 1932–6; Russian translation, vols. 1–4, 1933), a work notable for its systematic and objective approach.

Romains’s articles and speeches (1939–60) about World War II and the fate of France and of bourgeois democracy were collected in The Highs and Lows of Freedom (1960), the philosophic essays To Preserve Reason (vols. 1–3, 1960–67), and the reminiscences Friendships and Encounters ( 1970).

WORKS

Portraits d’inconnus. Paris [1962].
In Russian translation:
Sobr. sock, vols. 1–9. Leningrad, 1925–30.
Izbr. stikhi. Translated by A. Efros. Moscow, 1928.

REFERENCES

Lunacharskii, A. V. “Molodaia frantsuzskaia poeziia.” Sobr. soch., vol. 5. Moscow, 1965.
Lunacharskii, A. V. “Predislovie.” In J. Romains, Gospodin Truadek ν
lapakh razvrata. Moscow [1925], Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 3. Moscow, 1959. Vol. 4: Moscow, 1963.
Berry, M. Jules Romains. Paris [1959].
Livres de France, 1966, no. 8 (special issue).
Cuisenier, A. J. Romains. Paris [1969]. (Contains bibliography.)
L’Humanité, Aug. 18, 1972, p. 7. (Obituary.)

M. V. TOLMACHEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Contract notice: Restructuring Laundry Kitchen And Ancillary Rooms In College Jules Romains Located At 6, Rue Cler 75007 Paris.
Algunos: Ruben Dario, German Cueto (su ayudante en la SEP), sor Juana Ines de la Cruz, Amado Nervo, Justo Sierra, Francisco de la Torre, el doctor Aureliano Urrutia, Guadalupe Marin, Plutarco Elias Calles, Josefina Ortiz Rubio, Pita Amor, Jose Marti, Jesus Urueta, Julian Carrillo, Lan Adomian, Enrique Gonzalez Martinez, Gabino Barreda, Miguel de Cervantes, Benito Juarez, Maria Asunsolo (su sobrina), Lazaro Cardenas, Antonio Caso, Francisco Goitia, Manolete, Jules Romains, Antonio Ruiz Galindo, Kitia Helene Domenge, Mireille Barany, Miguel Aleman, Carlos Lazo, Efren C.
Lo mismo ocurre con todo el circulo de amistades que integro, en 1908, el Grupo de la Abadia (Groupe de l'Abbaye), del que tambien formaba parte Jules Romains, escritor de perfil afin, en bastantes aspectos, al de Duhamel.
During World War II, the bookstore also ran a publishing house, La Maison Francaise, that published authors fleeing Nazism such as Andre Maurois, Jules Romains and "The Little Prince" writer Antoine de Saint-Exupery.
Y desde esta perspectiva recoge, ahora ensamblados de manera tematica, una serie de trabajos en los que, a lo largo de varios anos, ha cotejado la narrativa valleinclaniana con la de autores contemporaneos con los que esta sin lugar a dudas demostrado que comparte homologias vitales, esteticas y tecnicas: William Butler Yeats, Andre Gide, James Joyce, Jules Romains, entre otros.
El sacrificio voluntario y colectivo de los numantinos (acaecido en "un jour illustre et attendu depuis quelque temps", como aconsejaba Corneille y se advierte en la Raquel de Huerta, tambien estrenada en 1778), acentuado por el literato grazalemeno en su tragedia, lo califica y define reiteradamente el editor por medio de la voz "unanimismo", ya aplicada a la actitud colectiva del pueblo en Fuenteovejuna y, por el mismo Sebold, a la Raquel en un estudio anterior, y que procede de la critica francesa, la cual la utilizo hacia 1910 para referirse de manera global a la efimera agrupacion comunitaria de poetas en una finca de Creteil llamada l'Abbaye y a los escritores relacionados con ella, particularmente Jules Romains.
His fiction emulated the now-also-defunct French genre of the roman-fleuve or literary river, once exemplified by the work of Jules Romains, in which a group of characters is followed through the passage of decades.
Si Zola, Jules Romains, Aragon et Sartre sont en bonne place, Guilloux, Barbusse, Maurois et Vaillant ne sont pas oublies et l'on decouvre des ecrivains moins connus issus du monde ouvrier comme Marguerite Audoux, qui prete sa plume aux couturieres, ou Constant Malva et Georges Valero, tous deux ecrivains-travailleurs-militants.
Not only was he reading the short-story cycles, but also the complete Seven Arts, Hart Crane's early poetry, Kenneth Burke's essays in The Dial, Lewis Mumford's The Story of Utopias (1922), and all of Waldo Frank, including essays that Frank had written on Jules Romains and unanimisme.
Shaw called it 'an earthly paradise'; Jules Romains spoke of the 'inexhaustible charm' of its wall walk.
uvre, en comparant le traitement qu'en donne Simon a ceux de Jules Romains, Celine, Malraux.
The house was a center of artistic activity, and other writers and artists, including Jules Romains, were associated with the group (though they were not inhabitants of the house).