Julian Corbett


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Corbett, Julian

 

Born Nov. 12, 1854, in Thames Ditton, county of Surrey; died Sept. 21, 1922, in Stopham, county of Sussex. English naval historian and theoretician.

Corbett graduated from Cambridge University and taught at Oxford University and the Naval College; he was chief of the historical section of the Committee for the Defense of the Empire. Corbett’s chief works deal with the combat actions of the sailing fleets of the late 16th to early 19th century. In the book Some Principles of Maritime Strategy (published 1911; Russian translation, 1932), he set forth the fundamentals of naval strategy. He allotted the main role in war to the navy and asserted that dominance on the seas is the condition for the achievement of victory; thus, as he saw it, the task facing the navy was the search and destruction of the enemy’s navy. His tenets were not confirmed in World War I; the decisive battles took place on land, and the mighty British surface line navy was unable to destroy the navy of the enemy. In the four-volume history Naval Operations: History of the Great War (Russian translation, 1941) he gave a detailed account of the actions of the British Navy at sea, paying much attention to the organization of convoys.

WORKS

The Successors of Drake. London, 1900.
England in the Mediterranean, 1603–1713, vols. 1–2. London, 1904.
England in the Seven Years’ War, vols. 1–2. London, 1907.
The Campaign of Trafalgar. London, 1910.
References in periodicals archive ?
This book draws together seven essays written between 1907 and 1922 by civilian British naval strategist Julian Corbett, illustrating his role in the development of maritime strategy and sea power theory in the early 20th century.
Inspired by Admiral Sir Herbert Richmond and the noted civilian strategist Sir Julian Corbett, they founded what was originally thought of as a correspondence society.
Author Anthony Cumming (winner of the University of London's Julian Corbett Prize for Research in Modern Naval History) challenges the view that the Battle of Britain was a decisive victory won solely by the Royal Air Force through independent airpower operations.
M Rodger's multi-volume A Naval History of Britain and the works of Sir Julian Corbett, is quite an achievement.
The author sets the conditions initially by examining and analyzing the thoughts of theorists (Antoine Henri Jomini, Julian Corbett, and Basil Liddell Hart) and scholars (Raymond Aron, Peter Paret, and W.
The second course of study, Strategy and War (S&W), views various periods of history, tying military theorists like Alfred Thayer Mahan and Sir Julian Corbett.
Cumming, winner of the University of London's Julian Corbett Prize for Research in Modern Naval History, argues that the Royal Navy deserves greater recognition for its role in the Battle of Britain, especially for its actions against Operation Sea Lion(the planned invasion)and its ability to defend itself against the Luftwaffe's air attacks.
Michael Jones, without belaboring the point, relates General Douglas MacArthur's decisions during the reconquest of the Philippines to the precepts of Sun Tzu, Carl von Clausewitz, and Sir Julian Corbett.
Julian Corbett, who practises the treatment from his clinic on Liverpool's Rodney Street, explains: "Cosmetic acupuncture can in most cases reduce the ageing process by about 10 years.
Dr Woodfine won the pounds 1,000 1998 Julian Corbett prize in Modern Naval History, adjudicated by London University's Institute of Historical Research and is joint author of the book The British Navy and the Use of Naval Power in the Eighteenth Century which is a standard work in the field.
The third group comprises outside commentators such as John Laughton, Julian Corbett, Ivan S.
The culminating personality in developments of military and naval thought is Sir Julian Corbett, who was himself influenced by Clausewitz.