Julian Corbett


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Corbett, Julian

 

Born Nov. 12, 1854, in Thames Ditton, county of Surrey; died Sept. 21, 1922, in Stopham, county of Sussex. English naval historian and theoretician.

Corbett graduated from Cambridge University and taught at Oxford University and the Naval College; he was chief of the historical section of the Committee for the Defense of the Empire. Corbett’s chief works deal with the combat actions of the sailing fleets of the late 16th to early 19th century. In the book Some Principles of Maritime Strategy (published 1911; Russian translation, 1932), he set forth the fundamentals of naval strategy. He allotted the main role in war to the navy and asserted that dominance on the seas is the condition for the achievement of victory; thus, as he saw it, the task facing the navy was the search and destruction of the enemy’s navy. His tenets were not confirmed in World War I; the decisive battles took place on land, and the mighty British surface line navy was unable to destroy the navy of the enemy. In the four-volume history Naval Operations: History of the Great War (Russian translation, 1941) he gave a detailed account of the actions of the British Navy at sea, paying much attention to the organization of convoys.

WORKS

The Successors of Drake. London, 1900.
England in the Mediterranean, 1603–1713, vols. 1–2. London, 1904.
England in the Seven Years’ War, vols. 1–2. London, 1907.
The Campaign of Trafalgar. London, 1910.
References in periodicals archive ?
The triumphalist, almost hagiographic, strand of British naval historiography commonplace in the nineteenth century seems to be Gorrochategui's target, and it is true that in 1899 no less an authority than Julian Corbett praised Wingfield's account and exonerated Drake (Corbett, Drake and the Tudor Navy [reprint ed., New York: Burt Franklin, 1965]) However, Corbett also stated bluntly that the expedition "ended...
Mahan appears in the text several times, although the Briton Julian Corbett does not.
Among their topics are fashioning imperial Canadians: the Royal Military College of Canada 1874-1900, Sir Julian Corbett and the teaching of strategy in the Royal Navy before 1914, South Africa and the making of military officers 1902-48, the spirit of an air force: learning about air power 1919-49, the British and Indian Army staff colleges during the interwar years, and from imperial to nationalist Canadians: the impact of the Second World War on Canadian Army staff education.
Those privileged to work within the halls of the Naval War College and its Royal Navy counterpart will not be surprised to find that great maritime strategists, notably Alfred Thayer Mahan and Julian Corbett, deserve places of prominence as theorists of grand strategy.
Author Anthony Cumming (winner of the University of London's Julian Corbett Prize for Research in Modern Naval History) challenges the view that the Battle of Britain was a decisive victory won solely by the Royal Air Force through independent airpower operations.
For a dictionary to unveil themes evident in more specialized studies of sea power, such as N.A.M Rodger's multi-volume A Naval History of Britain and the works of Sir Julian Corbett, is quite an achievement.
During the first, students read classic works by Carl von Clausewitz, Julian Corbett, Antoine Henri Jomini, Thucydides, Sun Tzu, Alfred Thayer Mahan, and so forth, exploring the foundations of military theory and analyzing the decision-making process with regard to strategy.
The author sets the conditions initially by examining and analyzing the thoughts of theorists (Antoine Henri Jomini, Julian Corbett, and Basil Liddell Hart) and scholars (Raymond Aron, Peter Paret, and W.B.
The second course of study, Strategy and War (S&W), views various periods of history, tying military theorists like Alfred Thayer Mahan and Sir Julian Corbett. The last course of study is Joint Military Operations (JMO), which focuses on the cooperation and strategy of successful operations, focusing on using common "joint" terms.
Cumming, winner of the University of London's Julian Corbett Prize for Research in Modern Naval History, argues that the Royal Navy deserves greater recognition for its role in the Battle of Britain, especially for its actions against Operation Sea Lion(the planned invasion)and its ability to defend itself against the Luftwaffe's air attacks.
Sir Julian Corbett's maritime strategy is the model for Space Warfare, but Klein also draws frequently from other strategists such as Carl von Clausewitz, Henri Jomini, and Mao Tse-tung for critical aspects of his strategy.
Julian Corbett, who practises the treatment from his clinic on Liverpool's Rodney Street, explains: "Cosmetic acupuncture can in most cases reduce the ageing process by about 10 years.