Julian Ochorowicz

Also found in: Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ochorowicz, Julian


Born Feb. 23, 1850, in Radzymin, in what is now the Polish People’s Republic; died May 1, 1917, in Warsaw. Polish positivist philosopher, psychologist, and inventor in telephony.

Ochorowicz graduated from the faculty of physics and mathematics at Warsaw University in 1872 and received the Ph.D. degree from the University of Leipzig the following year. From 1875 to 1882 he was a docent in the subdepartment of psychology at the University of L’vov. Living in Paris between 1882 and 1892, he collaborated with J. M. Charcot, C. Richet, and T. Ribot on the scientific problems of hypnosis and on psychotherapeutic methods. Ochorowicz’s inventions in telephony—a double-diaphragm electromagnetic telephone receiver and a thermal microphone—date from the same period. In 1886, at the third electrical-engineering exhibition in St. Petersburg, Ochorowicz arranged the first wire broadcast of opera performances.


Bobrowska-Nowak, W. “Julian Ochorowicz na drogach i bezdrożach psychologii.” Kwartalnik historii nauki i techniki, 1971, no. 1.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Julian Ochorowicz na drogach i bezdrozach psychologii [Julian Ochorowicz on straight and twisted paths through psychology].
Julian Ochorowicz w sporze wokdl spirytyzmu i mediumizmu w Polsce w II polowie XIX i no poczqtku XXwieku [Spirits or an unknown force?
Attraverso una erudita ricognizione delle influenze scientifiche sottese alla duplice storia di nevrosi ossessiva narrata in Profumo--che spazia da William Hammond a Julian Ochorowicz, da Claud Bernard a Jean-Martin Charcot, da Hippolythe Cloquet a Krafft-Ebing e Cesare Vigna--, Michelacci dimostra come Capuana certo spettacolarizzi il corpo femminile alla maniera dei fisiologi francesi ma, come e meglio che nella Giacinta rivisitata, non lo riduca a oggetto di meccanica, asettica anatomizzazione.
Three of these researchers were Italian psychiatrist and criminologist Cesare Lombroso (1836-1909), Polish psychologist Julian Ochorowicz (1850-1917), and Italian psychiatrist Enrico Morselli (1852-1929; see Domanski, 2003, Guarnieri, 1988, Knepper & Ystehede, 2013).
Correspondence: Julian Ochorowicz on Eusapia Palladino, dissociation and mediumistic fraud.
The concept was a prominent one in later theoretical speculations and researches on physical phenomena such as those done by Joseph Maxwell, Enrico Morselli, Julian Ochorowicz, Albert de Rochas, and Albert von Schrenck-Notzing.