Julian Sorell Huxley
Huxley, Julian Sorell
Born June 22, 1887, in London; died there Feb. 14, 1975. British biologist. Member of the Royal Society of London (1938).
Huxley graduated from Oxford University in 1909. He taught zoology in several colleges in Oxford from 1909 to 1913 and again from 1918 to 1925. He was a research associate in the biology department of the Rice Institute in Houston, Texas, from 1913 to 1916, was a professor of zoology at the Royal College in London from 1925 to 1935, and served as secretary of the London Zoological Society from 1935 to 1942. He served as executive secretary of the UNESCO preparatory commission in 1945–46 and was the first general director of UNESCO from 1946 to 1948.
Huxley mainly studied general problems of evolution, zoology, experimental embryology, ethics, and nature conservation. His study of nuptial ceremonies among birds (1914) was an important contribution to ethology. Huxley was one of the authors of the synthetic theory of evolution.
Huxley was awarded the Kalinga Prize for popularizing science (1953) and the Darwin Medal (German Democratic Republic, 1959).
WORKSThe Individual in the Animal Kingdom. Cambridge, 1912.
Problems of Relative Growth. New York, 1932.
Elements of Experimental Embryology. Cambridge, 1934. (With G. De Beer.)
We Europeans. New York–London, 1936. (With A. C. Haddon.)
Biological Aspects of Cancer. New York, 1958.
Charles Darwin and His World. London, 1965. (With H. B. Kettlewell.)
Evolution: The Modern Synthesis, 3rd ed. London, 1975.
lazyk zhivotnykh. Moscow, 1968. (With L. Koch.)
Udivitel’nyi mir evoliutsii. Moscow, 1971.