Julio Antonio Mella


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mella, Julio Antonio

 

(real name, Nicanor McPart-land). Born Mar. 25, 1903, in Havana; died Jan. 10, 1929, in Mexico City. Cuban youth leader and Communist.

After entering the University of Havana, Mella headed the movement for university reform, which led to the creation of the Federation of University Students (1923). In 1924 he joined the Havana Union of Communists. In 1925, Mella founded the Anti-imperialist League of Cuba; in the same year, he was elected to the Central Committee of the Communist Party at the party’s constituent congress.

In 1926, persecuted by Cuban authorities, Mella emigrated to Mexico; there he joined the Communist Party of Mexico and was elected to its central committee. In 1927, Mella visited the USSR. After his return, he founded the Association of New Revolutionary Cuban Emigrants (1927) and the Association of Proletarian Students (1928). Mella was assassinated by agents of the Cuban dictator G. Machado.

WORKS

Cuba, un pueblo que nunca ha sido libre. Havana, 1924.
Glosas al pensamiento de Martí. Mexico, 1926.
El grito de los mártires. Mexico, 1926.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Para esta epoca la universidad contaba con un acumulado historico en el que destacaba la existencia de personajes iconicos como Julio Antonio Mella, principal impulsor de la Reforma Universitaria en Cuba, y Antonio Guiteras, destacado nacionalista y revolucionario (Taibo II, 2009).
On a recent weekday, Oswell Mendez and the members of his hip-hop dance group De Freak posed for their Facebook page in the center of the Manzana, on the spot where a bust of early 20th century Cuban Communist leader Julio Antonio Mella sat before it was removed in the building's multi-year renovation.
El factor subjetivo tuvo un papel importante en ello: el lider carismatico estudiantil Julio Antonio Mella reunio bajo la bandera comunista a muchos militantes de la Liga Antiimperialista, de la Universidad Popular Jose Marti, de la Federacion de Estudiantes Universitarios y del grupo "Renovacion", fundado bajo su liderazgo.
The following year Beals's close friend Julio Antonio Mella was murdered by Machado's agents in Mexico City, making Beals determined to see first-hand the brutality of the Cuban dictator's rule.
* Policlinico Universitario Julio Antonio Mella (PUJAM): Extension territorial aproximada de 9 [km.sup.2] que incluye 12 803 viviendas.