Julius Bahnsen


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bahnsen, Julius

 

Born Mar. 30, 1830, in Tondern; died Dec. 7, 1881, in Lauenburg. German idealist philosopher. One of the forerunners of “the philosophy of life.”

Taking from A. Schopenhauer the concept of voluntarism, Bahnsen supplemented it with Hegel’s dialectics and developed “real dialectics,” according to which the essence of the world is a tragic split of the world’s will, expressed in the dissociation of mutually contradictory individuals (henades), and in the division of the will of each. Bahnsen confirmed the alogism of the world and the resulting impossibility of understanding it or achieving social improvement. He was one of the founders of character study.

WORKS

Der Widerspruch im Wissen und Wesen der Welt, vols. 1–2. Leipzig, 1882.
Beitrage zur Charakterologie . . . ., vols. 1–2. Leipzig, 1867.

REFERENCE

Heydorn, H.-J. Julius Bahnsen. Gōttingen-Frankfurt am Main, 1953.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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A plurality of wills also marks Julius Bahnsen's main departure from Schopenhauer in chapter ten.