Julius Caesar Scaliger


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Scaliger, Julius Caesar,

1484–1558, Italian philologist and physician in France. Scaliger studied medicine and settled in France (1526), where he worked as a physician. A scholar of profound erudition, Scaliger was nevertheless contentious and arrogant and made many enemies, including Erasmus and Jerome Cardan. In his De causis linguae Latinae (1540), he analyzed Cicero's style, criticizing the earlier studies of his humanist predecessors. He wrote commentaries on the medical and botanical writings of Hippocrates, Theophrastus, and Aristotle and urged an improved classification of plants according to their unique characteristics. In his famous Poetics (1561, tr. 1905) he extolled Vergil and Seneca.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Scaliger, Julius Caesar

 

(pen name of Giulio Bordoni). Born Apr. 23, 1484, in Padua, Italy; died Oct. 21, 1558, in Agen, France. French philologist, critic, poet, and physician.

Scaliger studied theology, philosophy, medicine, and the Greek and Latin classics. In 1528 he settled in Agen under the name J.-C. de Lescalle. In 1531, Saliger, who wrote in Latin, issued a lampoon in letter form attacking Erasmus; as a rationalist, he was an opponent of a number of humanists. His most interesting work is Poetics (published 1561), which provides definitions of verse and dramatic genres and seeks to justify the principle of the three dramatic unities on the grounds that the unities correspond to the logic of theatrical presentation. The French classicists made Scaliger’s theories the basis for normative poetics.

Scaliger’s De causis linguae latinae (1540) was one of the first grammars in Europe to be based on new ideas and methods that broke with the centuries-long tradition of compilations from Donatus and Priscian. These ideas were further developed in the Port-Royal Grammar.

WORKS

Poetices libri septem. Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt, 1964. (Facsimile reprint of the Lyon edition of 1561.)

REFERENCES

Anikst, A. Teoriia dramy ot Aristotelia do Lessinga. Moscow, 1967.
Ferraro, R. M. Giudizi critici e criteri estelici nei Poetices libri septem (1561) di J. C. Scaligero. Chapel Hill, N.C, 1971.

M. A. GOL’DMAN

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Exotericae Exercitationes is a philosophical treatise written by Julius Caesar Scaliger in 1557.
Julius Caesar Scaliger and the Limits of Poetic Theory
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Rhetorical Philosophy and Philosophical Grammar: Julius Caesar Scaliger's Theory of Language.
"An Aristotelian Watchdog as Avant-Garde Physicist: Julius Caesar Scaliger." Monist 84 (2001): 542-561.
Luc Deitz is the modern editor and translator (in German) of Julius Caesar Scaliger's Poetices libri septem (5 vols., Stuttgart--Bad Cannstatt, 1994-2003).
Julius Caesar Scaliger attacked Erasmus' definition on different grounds in his renowned Poetice (1561).
Subsequently Jorg Robert's contribution on parody and parodia in poetics of the early modern times provides the theoretical background to which Niehl occasionally refers, drawing a line from antiquity (Aristotle, Quintilian) to Julius Caesar Scaliger (1484-1558), Henri Estienne, and Paul Schede.
Of course, Camoes might also have had access to more contemporary rhetorical texts, such as Juan Luis Vives's De ratione dicendi (1532), Julius Caesar Scaliger's Poetices Libri Septem (1561), Cipriano Soares's De arte rethorica (1562), and Antonio Sebastiano Minturno's De Poeta (1559) and Arte Poetica (1564).
Coming at the same time as Droz's French edition of the Poetics' fifth book, the present immense edition and German translation of Julius Caesar Scaliger's favorite work suggests that reevaluation of such major figures of the next generation as Carlo Sigonio, Christopher Clavius, J.J.
For example, he is likely to have been taught a corpuscular theory of matter ultimately derived - via Julius Caesar Scaliger and influences from sixteenth-century Cambridge - from late medieval Aristotelian concepts of minima naturalia.
162 is wrong and incomplete and shows that she has never seen that edition), and in her discussion of Scaliger's admiration of Fracastoro's poem (lxxix ff.) she neither refers to nor profits from W Ludwig, "Julius Caesar Scaligers Kanon neulateinischer Dichter," Antike & Abendland 25 (1979): 20-40 (repr.