Julius Scheiner

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Scheiner, Julius


Born Nov. 25, 1858, in Cologne; died Dec. 20,1913, in Potsdam. German astronomer.

In 1888, Scheiner and H. Vogel determined the radial velocities of stars by photographing stellar spectra. This enabled them to determine the orbit of the eclipsing variable star Algol and to explain the cause of the variations in its brightness.


Die Spektralanalyse der Gestirne. Leipzig, 1890.
Die Photographie der Gestirne. Leipzig, 1897.
Populäre Astrophysik, 2nd ed. Leipzig-Berlin, 1912.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"The most frightful confusion," was how Julius Scheiner, director of the Potsdam Observatory in Germany, assessed the Harvard system.
Julius Scheiner died; a German astronomer; worked at the Potsdam Astrophysical Observatory; a celestial photographer.
However, it took only a few moments to zero in on "Radial Velocity (Stellar)." Here, as part of a full-page entry, I found everything I wanted to know: "From 1868 William Huggins in London and Angelo Secchi in Rome attempted to detect Doppler line shifts by the visual observation of stellar spectra, but it was not until Hermann Carl Vogel and Julius Scheiner in Potsdam photographed stellar spectra in 1888-1892 that reliable Doppler shifts, for some fifty stars, were first observed."