Julius Wellhausen

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Julius Wellhausen
BirthplaceHamelin, Hanover, Germany
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Wellhausen, Julius


Born May 17, 1844, in Hameln; died Jan. 7, 1918, in Göttingen. German orientalist.

Wellhausen published a work on the history of Israel in 1878 that was a milestone in the history of Old Testament biblical criticism. He proved that the main part of the so-called Mosaic Law, which he called the Priests’ Code, was written by a group of priests during the Babylonian captivity, not earlier than the sixth century B.C. In his research on the pre-Islamic religion of the Arabs, Wellhausen established a number of traits that were similar to the ancient Israelite religion. In his Islamic studies he gave consideration not only to the religion but also to social and economic problems of the ancient and medieval history of the Arabs.


Geschichte Israels. Berlin, 1878. (In later editions, Prolegomena zur Geschichte Israels, 6th ed. Berlin, 1905.)
Muhammed in Medina. Berlin, 1882.
Reste Arabischen Heidentums. Berlin, 1887.
Die religiös-politischen Oppositionsparteien im alten Islam. Göttingen, 1901.
Das arabische Reich und sein Sturz. Berlin, 1902.
Israelitische und jüdische Geschichte , 9th ed. Berlin, 1958.
In Russian translation:
Vvedenie v istoriiu Izrailia. St. Petersburg, 1909.


Nikol’skii, N. M. “Problemy kritiki Biblii v sovetskoi nauke.” Vestnik Drevnei Istorii, 1938, no. 1, pp. 30-44.
Becker, C. H. “Julius Wellhausen.” In his book I slam studien, vol. 2. Leipzig, 1932.
Fück, J. Die arabischen Studien in Europa. Leipzig, 1955.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Wellhausen and Kaufmann: Ancient Israel and Its Religious History in the Works of Julius Wellhausen and Yehezkel Kaufmann
As El-Hibri emphasizes, such a critical study of the history of the early caliphs has not yet been undertaken, although there are indeed important precursors, as, for instance, Julius Wellhausen and Albrecht Noth.
A number of years ago many theologians, most notably Julius Wellhausen, believed they had discovered in the first five books of the Bible a number of different voices from different time periods.
The scholarship of such researchers as Julius Wellhausen, Ivan Engnell, Walter Ong, and even Alan Dundes did provide glimpses of an alternative history, but that hyper-jealous "god" refused to surrender its place of honor quietly.
The symbol of the Christian branch of this polemic has become Julius Wellhausen, (4) who saw the Temple priesthood and later Talmudic legislation as corruptive of the original, nobly primitive, prophetic ethical monotheism, in need of purification and renewal, which came in the form of Christianity The main target of such romantic, pseudo-scientific theorizing, of course, was not Judaism but Roman Catholicism, with its hierarchical priesthood, dogmas, and volumes of canon law.
How to Read the Bible begins by drawing on the work of mid-nineteenth century German theologian, Julius Wellhausen, who proposed that the Pentateuch had more that one writer.
anti-Semite, Julius Wellhausen. Like many theologians of his time and
(4.) Julius Wellhausen, Der Text der Buecher Samuelis Untersucht (1871 ed.), p.
As an aside, compare Julius Wellhausen's translation of the above verses (Muhammed in Medina: Das ist Vakidi's Kitab alMaglzazi in verkurzter deutscher Wiedergabe, Berlin: G.
Oelschlager claims that the RGG presents "the picture of Judaism as a rigid religion of legality--a picture which developed following Luther in Protestant theology and which has been cultivated since Julius Wellhausen in historical-critical scientific research" (p.