Julius Sachs

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sachs, Julius


Born Oct. 2, 1832, in Breslau, present-day Wroclaw, Poland; died May 29, 1897, in Würzburg. German botanist.

Sachs was a professor at the agricultural academy in Poppels-dorf (from 1861), at the University of Freiburg (from 1867), and at the University of Würzburg (from 1868). He widely employed the experimental method in his study of plant physiology, thus greatly influencing the science’s development in the 19th century. His principal works were on photosynthesis, transport of matter in plants, mineral feeding, water regimen, plant growth and movement, and seed sprouting. Sachs showed the connection between the formation of starch and the absorption of CO2 in the presence of light. He also studied the physiological anatomy of plants and the history of botany.


Pringsheim, E. G. Julius Sachs der Begründer der neueren Pflanzen-physiologie: 1832–1897. Jena, 1932. (References.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The oldest published work of Francis Bacon on soilless cultivation of plants which was published in his book Sylva Sylvarum in 1627, a year after his death whereas, German Botanists Julius von Sachs and Wilhelm Knop during the years 1859-1875enlisted nine elements which believed to be essential for plant growth.