July Revolution


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July Revolution,

revolt in France in July, 1830, against the government of King Charles XCharles X,
1757–1836, king of France (1824–30); brother of King Louis XVI and of King Louis XVIII, whom he succeeded. As comte d'Artois he headed the reactionary faction at the court of Louis XVI.
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. The attempt of the ultraroyalists under Charles to return to the ancien régime provoked the opposition of the middle classes, who wanted more voice in the government. The banker Jacques LaffitteLaffitte, Jacques
, 1767–1844, French banker and politician. He rose from poverty to become one of the wealthiest and most influential men in France. He was director (1809) and later governor (1814–19) of the Bank of France.
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 was typical of the bourgeois who supported liberal journalists, such as Adolphe ThiersThiers, Adolphe
, 1797–1877, French statesman, journalist, and historian.

After studying law at Aix-en-Provence, Thiers went (1821) to Paris and joined the group of writers that attacked the reactionary government of King Charles X.
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, in opposing the government. Liberal opposition reached its peak when Charles called on the reactionary and unpopular Jules Armand de PolignacPolignac, Jules Armand, prince de
, 1780–1847, French statesman. Belonging to one of the oldest families of France, he emigrated with them during the French Revolution. Under Napoleon I he was imprisoned (1804–14) for his part in the conspiracy of Georges Cadoudal.
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 to form a new ministry (Aug., 1829). When the chamber of deputies registered its disapproval, Charles dissolved the chamber. New elections (July, 1830) returned an even stronger opposition majority. Charles and Polignac responded with the July Ordinances, which established rigid press control, dissolved the new chamber, and reduced the electorate. Insurrection developed, and street barricades and fighting cleared Paris of royal troops. Charles X was forced to flee and abdicated in favor of his grandson, Henri, conte de ChambordChambord, Henri Charles Ferdinand Marie Dieudonné, comte de
, 1820–83, Bourbon claimant to the French throne, posthumous son of Charles Ferdinand, duc de Berry. His original title was duke of Bordeaux.
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. Henri was set aside, and, although there was a movement for a republic, the duc d'Orléans was proclaimed (July 31) king of the French as Louis PhilippeLouis Philippe
, 1773–1850, king of the French (1830–48), known before his accession as Louis Philippe, duc d'Orléans. The son of Philippe Égalité (see Orléans, Louis Philippe Joseph, duc d'), he joined the army of the French Revolution,
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. His reign was known as the July Monarchy.

Bibliography

See study by D. H. Pinkney (1972).

References in periodicals archive ?
Sisi said that the July revolution expressed the free will of the Egyptian people, appreciating Saudi Arabia's stance on supporting the Egyptians' will.
Muscat, Aug 14 (ONA) His Majesty Sultan Qaboos Bin Said has received a cable of thanks from President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi of the Arab Republic of Egypt in reply to His Majesty's congratulatory cable on the occasion of the 23rd July Revolution.
Muscat: His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said has received a cable of thanks from President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi of the Arab Republic of Egypt in reply to His Majesty's congratulatory cable on the occasion of the 23rd July Revolution.
Manama, July 24 (BNA): Below are some headlines from Bahrain's newspapers on local events: // HM King, HRH Premier, HRH Crown Prince congratulate on Egypt's July Revolution.
The President honored the name of General Mohamed Naguib, who lead the 23 July Revolution against the monarchy and the British colonialism.
They describe his historical legacy in the US and Europe; his visit to New Orleans in 1825; his failed attempt to import the ideas and successes of the American Revolution to France; his involvement and influence on the American response to the French Revolution, the Greek overthrow of Turkish rule, and the July Revolution of 1830; his political discourse during his American and French tours; the history of land grants given to him in the US and his relationship with the country's Francophone region in Louisiana; how his image was used by contemporaries and historians; and his anti-slavery views.
The Jewish Neighborhood" focuses on the events taking place in Egypt during The Egyptian revolution of 1952, also known as the 23 July Revolution, when Jews still lived in Egypt.
The President, His Highness Shaikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, has sent a congratulatory cable to Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El Sisi on the anniversary of the 23rd of July Revolution.
Therefore, as the country clocks 20 years of the 22 July Revolution, there are scores of reasons to celebrate.
Myriam Rochedix investigates representations of the July Revolution in Gautier's Les Jeunes-France, romans goguenards, showing how Gautier subverts through narrative voice what was in many ways an anti-climactic revolution.
Despite all these years, the 23rd July revolution and its leader Abdul Nasser are still fondly remembered because this revolution has changed the face of Egypt," said Mustafa Mukhtar, a schoolteacher.
Summary: The US Secretary of State's visit to the ME compelled an interruption in this week's edition of the ongoing series of articles about the territory of shared power between the military and Islamists in Egypt since the eruption of the July Revolution in 1952 and before.