July Revolution


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July Revolution,

revolt in France in July, 1830, against the government of King Charles XCharles X,
1757–1836, king of France (1824–30); brother of King Louis XVI and of King Louis XVIII, whom he succeeded. As comte d'Artois he headed the reactionary faction at the court of Louis XVI.
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. The attempt of the ultraroyalists under Charles to return to the ancien régime provoked the opposition of the middle classes, who wanted more voice in the government. The banker Jacques LaffitteLaffitte, Jacques
, 1767–1844, French banker and politician. He rose from poverty to become one of the wealthiest and most influential men in France. He was director (1809) and later governor (1814–19) of the Bank of France.
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 was typical of the bourgeois who supported liberal journalists, such as Adolphe ThiersThiers, Adolphe
, 1797–1877, French statesman, journalist, and historian.

After studying law at Aix-en-Provence, Thiers went (1821) to Paris and joined the group of writers that attacked the reactionary government of King Charles X.
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, in opposing the government. Liberal opposition reached its peak when Charles called on the reactionary and unpopular Jules Armand de PolignacPolignac, Jules Armand, prince de
, 1780–1847, French statesman. Belonging to one of the oldest families of France, he emigrated with them during the French Revolution. Under Napoleon I he was imprisoned (1804–14) for his part in the conspiracy of Georges Cadoudal.
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 to form a new ministry (Aug., 1829). When the chamber of deputies registered its disapproval, Charles dissolved the chamber. New elections (July, 1830) returned an even stronger opposition majority. Charles and Polignac responded with the July Ordinances, which established rigid press control, dissolved the new chamber, and reduced the electorate. Insurrection developed, and street barricades and fighting cleared Paris of royal troops. Charles X was forced to flee and abdicated in favor of his grandson, Henri, conte de ChambordChambord, Henri Charles Ferdinand Marie Dieudonné, comte de
, 1820–83, Bourbon claimant to the French throne, posthumous son of Charles Ferdinand, duc de Berry. His original title was duke of Bordeaux.
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. Henri was set aside, and, although there was a movement for a republic, the duc d'Orléans was proclaimed (July 31) king of the French as Louis PhilippeLouis Philippe
, 1773–1850, king of the French (1830–48), known before his accession as Louis Philippe, duc d'Orléans. The son of Philippe Égalité (see Orléans, Louis Philippe Joseph, duc d'), he joined the army of the French Revolution,
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. His reign was known as the July Monarchy.

Bibliography

See study by D. H. Pinkney (1972).

References in classic literature ?
= this paragraph refers to controversies, before the French "July Revolution" of 1830, between rightist ("cote droit" = right side) legitimists, who read the official "Moniteur" newspaper and supported the absolutist Bourbon monarchy of King Charles X, and leftist ("cote gauche" = left side) liberals, who read "Le Temps" and argued for reform or revolution; "nothing good could come of Nazareth" = from the Bible, John, I, 46: "Can any good thing come out of Nazareth"}
Addressing a celebration organized by Egyptian embassy in Khartoum for commemorating the 67th anniversary of the 23 July revolution , Gen.
President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi greeted the Egyptian people on the 67th anniversary of the 23 July Revolution of 1952.
FILE- Al Azhar Grand Imam Ahmed el Tayyeb CAIRO, 22 July 2019: Al Azhar Grand Imam Ahmed el Tayyeb on Sunday greeted President Abdel Fattah El Sisi on the 67th anniversary of the 23rd July Revolution. El Tayyeb also greeted Egyptian people and brave commanders, officers and soldiers of the Armed Forces on the occasion.
Tocqueville's father, a noble from Normandy, had risen to become prefect of Versailles under the Bourbon monarchy, but the "July Revolution" of 1830 had just thrown the Bourbons out in favor of a constitutional government, and the fortunes of the aristocratic Tocqueville family were falling.
This came during his speech on the Egyptian National Day, the anniversary of the July revolution, in the presence of the Egyptian Ambassador to Palestine Essam al-Din Ashour, a number of ministers and members of the Executive Committees of the PLO and the Central Committee of Fatah movement, and representatives of diplomatic missions and official figures, national and religious.
12 : 34 PM - 22/07/2018 Manama, July 22 (BNA): His Royal Highness Prince Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa, Crown Prince, Deputy Supreme Commander and First Deputy Prime Minister sent a cable of congratulations to Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El Sisi, on the Glorious July Revolution anniversary.
Muscat, Aug 14 (ONA) His Majesty Sultan Qaboos Bin Said has received a cable of thanks from President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi of the Arab Republic of Egypt in reply to His Majesty's congratulatory cable on the occasion of the 23rd July Revolution.
Muscat: His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said has received a cable of thanks from President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi of the Arab Republic of Egypt in reply to His Majesty's congratulatory cable on the occasion of the 23rd July Revolution. In his cable, President el-Sisi expressed his utmost thanks and appreciation to His Majesty's sincere feelings and best wishes, praying to Allah the Almighty to grant His Majesty good health, happiness and success, and to perpetuate the blessings of security, stability and welfare on the Omani people.
They describe his historical legacy in the US and Europe; his visit to New Orleans in 1825; his failed attempt to import the ideas and successes of the American Revolution to France; his involvement and influence on the American response to the French Revolution, the Greek overthrow of Turkish rule, and the July Revolution of 1830; his political discourse during his American and French tours; the history of land grants given to him in the US and his relationship with the country's Francophone region in Louisiana; how his image was used by contemporaries and historians; and his anti-slavery views.
"The Jewish Neighborhood" focuses on the events taking place in Egypt during The Egyptian revolution of 1952, also known as the 23 July Revolution, when Jews still lived in Egypt.
The President, His Highness Shaikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, has sent a congratulatory cable to Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El Sisi on the anniversary of the 23rd of July Revolution.