Yamuna

(redirected from Jumna River)
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Yamuna

(yä`mənə) or

Jumna

(jŭm`nə), river, c.850 mi (1,370 km) long, rising in the Himalayas, N India, and flowing generally SE, through the Shiwalik Range, past Delhi, to the GangesGanges
or Ganga
, river, c.1,560 mi (2,510 km) long, rising in the Gangotri glacier in the Himalayas in Uttarakhand state, India, and flowing generally southeast through NE India across a vast plain to the Bay of Bengal in Bangladesh; the most sacred river of Hindu
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 River at Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh state; the Chambal and Betwa rivers are its main tributaries. The Yamuna's confluence with the Ganges is sacred to Hindus; AllahabadAllahabad
, city (1991 pop. 844,546), Uttar Pradesh state, N central India. On the site of Prayag, an ancient Indo-Aryan holy city, Allahabad is at the junction of two sacred rivers, the Yamuna and the Ganges.
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 is a major pilgrimage center. Along the Yamuna's banks are many historic monuments, including the Taj MahalTaj Mahal
, mausoleum, Agra, Uttar Pradesh state, N India, on the Yamuna River. It is considered one of the most beautiful buildings in the world and the finest example of the late style of Indian Islamic architecture.
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 at Agra. Formerly an important trade artery, the Yamuna is now the source of irrigation for Uttar Pradesh and Punjab states, and it also suffers from heavy pollution, most especially in the Delhi area. As a result, the river is, except during the monsoon season, severely polluted and greatly reduced in flow below Delhi. The East Yamuna, West Yamuna, and Agra are the major canals on the river.

Yamuna

 

(also Jumna, Jamuna), a river in India, the longest and largest tributary of the Ganges. The Yamuna is 1,384 km long and has a basin area of 351,000 sq km. It rises on the southern slopes of the Zaskar Range in the central Himalayas. In its upper reaches it flows mainly through a deep gorge and in its middle and lower course, through the Indo-Gangetic Plain, where it divides into branches and channels. Summer high water, resulting from monsoon rains, causes frequent flooding. There is a relatively low discharge at other times of the year. The river is navigable below Delhi, and its waters are extensively utilized for irrigation. Among the cities situated on the Yamuna are Delhi, Agra, and Allahabad.