Yamuna

(redirected from Jumna River)
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Yamuna

(yä`mənə) or

Jumna

(jŭm`nə), river, c.850 mi (1,370 km) long, rising in the Himalayas, N India, and flowing generally SE, through the Shiwalik Range, past Delhi, to the GangesGanges
or Ganga
, river, c.1,560 mi (2,510 km) long, rising in the Gangotri glacier in the Himalayas in Uttarakhand state, India, and flowing generally southeast through NE India across a vast plain to the Bay of Bengal in Bangladesh; the most sacred river of Hindu
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 River at Prayagraj (formerly Allahabad), Uttar Pradesh state; the Chambal and Betwa rivers are its main tributaries. The Yamuna's confluence with the Ganges is sacred to Hindus; PrayagrajPrayagraj,
formerly Allahabad
, city (1991 pop. 844,546), Uttar Pradesh state, N central India. It is a district administrative headquarters and trading center and has an airport and a university.
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 is a major pilgrimage center. Along the Yamuna's banks are many historic monuments, including the Taj MahalTaj Mahal
, mausoleum, Agra, Uttar Pradesh state, N India, on the Yamuna River. It is considered one of the most beautiful buildings in the world and the finest example of the late style of Indian Islamic architecture.
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 at Agra. Formerly an important trade artery, the Yamuna is now the source of irrigation for Uttar Pradesh and Punjab states, and it also suffers from heavy pollution, most especially in the Delhi area. As a result, the river is, except during the monsoon season, severely polluted and greatly reduced in flow below Delhi. The East Yamuna, West Yamuna, and Agra are the major canals on the river.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Yamuna

 

(also Jumna, Jamuna), a river in India, the longest and largest tributary of the Ganges. The Yamuna is 1,384 km long and has a basin area of 351,000 sq km. It rises on the southern slopes of the Zaskar Range in the central Himalayas. In its upper reaches it flows mainly through a deep gorge and in its middle and lower course, through the Indo-Gangetic Plain, where it divides into branches and channels. Summer high water, resulting from monsoon rains, causes frequent flooding. There is a relatively low discharge at other times of the year. The river is navigable below Delhi, and its waters are extensively utilized for irrigation. Among the cities situated on the Yamuna are Delhi, Agra, and Allahabad.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
That wine cup encapsulates the whole of Shah Jahan's stupendous vision, but how is one to see it in that true light if one cannot connect it with the Taj Majal, which Shah Jahan built as the tomb for a beloved wife; if one does not see in it the immense astronomical devices he built in Shahjahanabad (now New Delhi), which stands like a complex of gigantic sculptures; if one has not been awed by the image of shah Jahan's own unachieved tomb, a duplicate of the Taj Mahal but in black marble, across the Jumna River from its white counterpart; if one is ignorant of the perfect simplicities of the Pearl Mosque of AGra?