Junagadh


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Junagadh

(jo͞o`nəgäd') or

Junagarh

(–gär'), former principality, Kathiawar peninsula, W India, on the Arabian Sea. The region of Junagadh became a district of Gujarat state in 1960. Grains, cotton, sugarcane, and oilseed are grown there, and the fishing industry is important. Junagadh was wrested from the MughalMughal
or Mogul
, Muslim empire in India, 1526–1857. The dynasty was founded by Babur, a Turkic chieftain who had his base in Afghanistan. Babur's invasion of India culminated in the battle of Panipat (1526) and the occupation of Delhi and Agra.
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 empire in the mid-18th cent. by Sher Khan Babi, a Muslim freebooter who established a dynasty that was later supported by the British. In 1947 the Muslim ruler ceded his state to Pakistan, although the population was overwhelmingly Hindu. He was forced to flee when Indian forces invaded the state. The town of Junagadh (1991 pop. 167,110) was formerly the state capital and is now a district administrative center. It is also a market for gold and silver embroidery, perfume, and copper and brass vessels. The town has ancient Buddhist caves and RajputRajputs
[Sanskrit,=son of a king], dominant people of Rajputana, an historic region now almost coextensive with the state of Rajasthan, NW India. The Rajputs are mainly Hindus (although there are some Muslim Rajputs) of the warrior caste; traditionally they have put great value
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 forts, as well as a modern college. Nearby is the Gir forest, the only place in Asia where lions are found.

Junagadh

a town in India, in Gujarat: noted for its Buddhist caves and temples. Pop.: 168 686 (2001)
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References in periodicals archive ?
According to international law, legal status of Nawab of Junagadh is 'sovereign in exile' which is still intact.
The Nawab of Junagadh built a seawall and a lighthouse in 1876 on the west side of the harbor, a 56 feet high white masonry tower that cast a white beam visible from the sea for thirteen miles.
The broad sweep of his aide memoire was broken down into three aspects: That the Govt of India took possession of Junagadh state by force, after its legal accession to Pakistan, and has largely vitiated its case in Kashmir by its actions in Kashmir That the Govt of India brought pressure to bear, at various times, on the Maharajah and the Govt of Kashmir in order to induce the State to acceded to the Dominion of India That the Govt of India planned the dispatch of Indian forces to Kashmir sometime in advance of the actual date.
It (HIV infection) has not happen due to blood transfusion from the Junagadh Blood Bank.
At the helm of early problems faced by Pakistan (lack of resources, unorganized army, a gigantic flow of refugees), it was not possible for Pakistan to strike back against the Indian aggression in Junagadh.
Boys were caught in the heavy current and washed away when they had gone to bathe in the check dams near the hilly areas of the Junagadh forests.
They said the young generation should have the knowledge about the importance of Junagadh case.
Fifty-two-year-old Bharatdas Darshandas of Banej village, situated deep in the Gir forest, feels privileged to be the lone voter from the village which falls under the Una assembly segment of Junagadh constituency.
The speakers stressed the case of Junagadh was very much alive as The Nawab of Junagadh is still in state of exile.
ISLAMABAD, March 17, 2011 (Balochistan Times): The present Nawab of Junagadh State Nawab Muhammad Jahangir Khanji said on Wednesday that state of Junagadh is still a disputed territory as Indian forces illegally occupied it after partition.