Shen Lin, 'How Old Were the Children of Paul's?', Theatre Notebook 45 (1991), 121-31, makes an attempt to suggest the two terms are interchangeable but fails to convince, though the juniority
of choristers in the Westcott period, the focus of Lin's article, is hardly a matter of contention.
And even though masculinity is evidently a potently symbolic organizing principle in "Nazi"-identifying groups (a useful insight), it does not follow from the data that the boys joined to "establish and sustain a hyper-masculine identity as a hedge against feelings of psychological emasculation." The offered data equally suggest that for these boys, groups delivered access to the "power" and affiliation of (male) older teens, and an end to the frustrations possibly not of emasculation but of juniority
. It was not shown, for instance, that bullying, a consistent antecedent in the narratives, was rationalized either in terms of masculinity or as detrimental to it.
Fowler in his note to these lines justly observes that 'Bentley and Empson [...] perversely take less ancient to imply that Genesis is an old fable too', but concludes that Milton is here intent upon exploding the Ovidian myth since 'In narratives professing to describe the origin of the present human race, juniority
brings discredit.' However, Milton's wording seems rather to reflect an insistence on the historical existence of both couples.